The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955 Page: 217
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Observations on Horses Across Seventy-five Years
Cattle Raisers Association organized at Graham in 1875 and the
Panhandle Livestock Association at Mobeetie in 1880, that a re-
ward was offered for horse stealing but none for cattle theft. To
be sure, they were organized largely to stop the indiscriminate
branding of "mavericks" and of driving unbranded cattle up the
trails to market.
I have in my possession the original commitments of the first
inmates of the Texas Penitentiary. During the period of Texas-
Coahuila and the Republic of Texas there never was provision
made for the establishment of a penitentiary of any kind and
that was one reason for the drastic laws of the Republic and also
one reason for illegal hangings. When Texas became a state, the
legislature in 1848 passed an act creating a penitentiary, appro-
priated $1o,ooo for building of same, and located it in Hunts-
ville. In 1849, the first inmate, W. G. Sansom, was received from
Fayette County for cattle theft, and the sheriff carried with him
as guards five citizens on horseback, as outlaws had declared they
would attempt to rescue Sansom, but did not do so. The next two
prisoners came from Corpus Christi, Nueces County, in 1850,
making three inmates for the first year of the penitentiary. The
first woman prisoner, Elizabeth Hoffman, came from San Antonio,
Bexar County, in 1854, convicted of infanticide.
And thus we have changed from the old days and old ways to
these modern days and ways and from three prisoners in the
Texas Penitentiary in 1849 to near eight thousand in 1954. Where
we go from here no one knows and perhaps it is best that we do
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955, periodical, 1955; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/m1/258/: accessed February 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.