The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955 Page: 320
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Recent researches based upon the examination of new data and
the reappraisal of standard sources have dispelled much of the
aura of uncertainty and ambiguity that has surrounded Bastrop
in such near-legendary episodes as the plaza meeting. On the basis
of documentary evidence, Bastrop, whose origin and life before
he appeared in Spanish Louisiana in 1795 have previously re-
mained largely conjectural, can be positively identified as one
Philip Hendrik Nering B6gel. In his will, executed in Saltillo in
1827, Bastrop gave the names of his wife and children.4 The mar-
riage record in Holland of the same woman reports her husband's
name as Philip Hendrik Nering Bagel which, with slight changes
in spelling to suit the appropriate language and judicious trim-
ming for reasons that will later be apparent, becomes Philipe
Enrique Neri, El Baron de Bastrop.5
Philip Hendrik Nering B6gel was born in Paramaribo, Dutch
Guiana, on November 23, 1759, to Maria Jacoba Nering B6gel
nee Kraayvanger and Conraed Laurens Nering Bigel, who was
serving as a member of the Court of Justice at Paramaribo at the
time." In the same year all of Dutch Guiana was living in fear
aroused by its second slave rebellion, which ended in victory for
the slaves in 1761.7 The Nering Bogel family about 1764 returned
to the city of Terborg in the Netherlands, where within the span
of the next nine years both of Bastrop's parents died."
Texas (St. Louis, 1879), 149, tells the story, and H. H. Bancroft, History of the
North Mexican States and Texas (2 vols.; San Francisco, 1889), II, 57-58, cites
Thrall for the story, which he repeats.
4Eugene C. Barker (ed.), The Austin Papers (Vols. I and II, Annual Report of
the American Historical Association for the Years 1919 and 1922, Washington, 1924,
1928; Vol. III, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1926), I, 1578-1584.
5The genealogy of the Nering Bogel family is published by the Centraal bureau
voor genealogie, Nederland's Patriciaat, 34e jaargang, 1948 (Gravenhage, 1947), 47.
It is of interest that Bastrop signed his name during the early period in Louisiana
and Kentucky as "P. H. N. tut Baron de Bastrop," and it is possible to trace an
evolution from this to the completely Spanish "Philipe Enrique Neri, El Baron
Mrs. Sylvia Nijhoff, of The Hague, Netherlands, kindly gave the information
which led to the location of the documents concerning Bastrop; Mrs. Elizabeth
Bodenstein, of the Texas State Library, translated these Dutch documents.
6lbid., 35. In this and following references Philip Hendrik Nering BSgel is called
either Bastrop or Baron de Bastrop, the names by which he is known in Texas
7Philip Hanson Hiss, Netherlands America (New York, 1943), 89.
sNederlands Patriciaat, 34e jaargang, 1948, P. 35.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955, periodical, 1955; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/m1/387/: accessed April 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.