The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955 Page: 575
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dreds of documents that throw light on every phase of Ofiate's
epic enterprise, constitute a worthy addition to the monumental
and fundamental Coronado Historical Series. The collection,
arrangement, and translation of the materials used took the
authors fifteen years. Both Dr. George P. Hammond and Dr.
Agapito Rey have collaborated in two other volumes of the
series, as well as in many publications of similar nature. Those
who have labored with Spanish sources easily realize the time,
dedication, and patience that have gone into these two volumes.
The documents presented tell the complete story of the con-
quest and pacification of New Mexico by Juan de Ofiate, its
first governor and adelantado. Juan, the son of one of the band
of conquistadores who came with Cortes and a granddaughter of
the last Aztec ruler, born and raised on the northern frontier,
became interested early in penetrating farther into the unex-
plored lands that lay to the north of New Spain. He had the
means, the prestige, and the ambition required for great en-
terprises. In 1595 he entered into a contract with the viceroy,
subject to the approval of the king, to undertake the conquest
and settlement of the kingdom of New Mexico.
The documents here presented tell of the wrangles that fol-
lowed, the orders and counter orders that delayed the expedition
from setting out until January, 1598. They give a graphic and
contemporary account of the hardships of the march, the difficul-
ties that had to be overcome, the missionaries who accompanied
the great venture and the dispute with the Inquisition, the ad-
vance of the first pueblos of New Mexico, the initial peaceful re-
ception, the subsequent trouble at Acoma, the varying fortunes of
the new settlements and the exploratory expeditions that charac-
terized the early years and took the intrepid explorers as far as
Arkansas on the one hand and the Gulf of California on the other,
the resignation of the disillusioned Ofiate in 1607, his replace-
ment by Peralta, his residencia trial that dragged on until 1614,
his exile, his fight for exoneration until 1624, and his last years
in Spain. As the authors declare, however, more wonderful than
the unforgettable details is "the significant fact . . that these
extensive narratives of the Ofiate expedition and the founding
of New Mexico have been preserved," giving it a record of its
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 58, July 1954 - April, 1955, periodical, 1955; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101158/m1/668/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.