The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956 Page: 18
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
when the savages returned, they would "come on the south side
of the river, because the north side [the Texas side] no longer
has anything of value to them."12
Luis Guerra, the troubled alcalde of Reynosa, also referred to
the raids. "It is a miracle that the frontier villages from Reynosa
to Laredo are still intact," he wrote the governor in February,
1837. The people of Reynosa were fighting the barbarians, seeing
their fathers killed, their brothers and friends burned, their sons
made captive, and from time to time their fortunes, gathered
over a period of ten to twenty years, ended. Yet they expressed
faith that the governor would assist them, and they were grateful
to him for petitioning the government to exempt the river towns
from all taxes and contributions.13
Specifically, Alcalde Guerra reported that on February 24,
he had received from Las Cuevas, in the Reynosa jurisdiction,
information that Indians with many horses had appeared on the
north bank of the Rio Grande at nine o'clock in the morning.
The leader of Las Cuevas, Manuel de la Fuente, went down to
the bank of the river with what men and arms were available,
but was unable to cross to the north bank because the slopes on
that side obscured the Indians' exact location. Because of a lack
of horses word was not received in Reynosa concerning the sit-
uation until eight o'clock in the evening. The alcalde placed
some men at the disposal of Jos6 Maria CArdenas, of Reynosa, to
join De la Fuente in the pursuit of the Indians.14
After the men were despatched, more details began to arrive.
Manuel Zarote, of Camargo, reported that two peasants were miss-
ing from Las Cuevas, that Antonio Cantui was dead, and that the
Indians had burned the jacales and fields on the other side of the
river. From Francisco Garcia, of Las Cuevas, it was learned that
the Indians had kidnaped Desiderio Flores, his wife, and several
children. Other reports indicated that the marauders had crossed
the Rio Grande and had gone as far os the Calabazos Pass on the
San Juan River, leaving disaster in their wake.15
Ilbid., September 9, 1836.
1sLuis Guerra to Governor of Tamaulipas, Reynosa, March 6, 1837, in Atalaya
(Matamoros), March 25, 1837 (copies of this newspaper are in the Matamoros
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956, periodical, 1956; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/m1/30/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.