The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956 Page: 345
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A Critical Analysis of the San Jacinto Campaign
The town of Gonzales was thrown into an uproar as the Texas
troops prepared to retreat. The troops departed about midnight
of March 13, and as they were leaving someone set fire to the
village and it burned to the ground. In the haste to leave the
guard posted at the river was forgotten. No one thought of the
sentries until the first camping place was reached; a courier
was then sent back for them. This was the beginning of the Run-
away Scrape, in which practically all inhabitants of central and
southeast Texas left their homes and headed for the Sabine River
From the lack of draft animals Houston was forced to sink
two twenty-four pound cannon in the Guadalupe River at Gon-
zales. The entire supply and munitions train of the Texas Army
consisted of one partially loaded farm wagon, drawn by four oxen.
The Texas Army reached the Navidad River on March 14 and
rested on the following day. Burnham's on the Colorado (near
present LaGrange) was reached on March 17, at which time the
army had increased in size to 6oo men. It remained at Burnham's
for two days waiting for fleeing families to pass over the river.
The army crossed the Colorado on March i and marched down
the east bank of the river to a point opposite Beason's, near the
present Columbus. It remained at Beason's from March 19g to
March 26, waiting for artillery and reinforcements. On March
25 Houston learned of the capture of Fannin's command.
Captain Henry W. Karnes with five men met and defeated a
party of twelve Mexicans on Rocky Creek, twelve miles east of
Beason's. Karnes killed one Mexican and captured one man and
On the evening of March 26 the Texans began the retreat from
the Colorado, marching five miles from the stream, and camping
on the shore of a lake. Just as they left the strip of woods along
the Colorado they were joined by three companies with a total
strength of 13o men.
The march was resumed toward the Brazos on March 27 and
news was received of the capture of Fannin's command on the
Coleto. Houston attempted to suppress the news of the disaster,
but this was impossible. On that same day the force reached the
timber of the Brazos. It arrived at San Felipe de Austin on
sYoakum, A History of Texas, II, o18, lo9, 114-115.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956, periodical, 1956; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/m1/371/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.