The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956 Page: 50
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
width. In the summer, however, they are of such short length
and scant depth that they hardly allow the passage of canoes.
Between the Sabine and the Trinity, in the district of Nacog-
doches, are the Atoyaque,15 Angelina, and Neches, which,
despite separate origins, unite in a single mouth to flow into
the above-listed Bay with a stream about the size of the others.
The Guadalupe and the San Antonio, which have their
origins in the Territory of Bxar, run in the same direction
as the above-noted ones but carry a somewhat smaller volume
of water. They both enter, quite near to each other, the sea
at the above-mentioned coast of San Bernardo. In addition
to the rivers mentioned there are the San Xavier,l the San
Andr6s,17 the San Marcos, the San Sabas,'8 the Yanes,19 the
Alcon,20 and the Medina, along a great number of Ar-
royos, whose current, volume, and direction of flow are
not given since they are but tributaries of the principal
Lakes:2' There is one contiguous to the northern reaches of the
Brazos River which is perhaps twenty fathoms deep in the
middle, three leagues wide, and twenty leagues, more or less,
in circumference.22 There are various other sweet water lakes
of smaller dimensions and less depth, but almost all of them
dry up in the summer. Those of salt water, with a connection
to the sea, are, according to information received, both
numerous and large, especially that one which is formed by
the Sabine River and its three tributaries. After his recon-
naisance in the year of [x7] 97, the Irishman, Santiago Eliot,
stated that it was large enough to offer shelter, with passage
15 Today the Attoyac Bayou.
1eProbably the San Gabriel of today.
17The present Little River.
1sThe present San Saba.
19Probably the present Llano River, identified by some early observers as the
Chanes. See Webb and Carroll (eds.), Handbook of Texas, II, 70-71.
20Rio de Alarc6n? This name has been identified with the Guadalupe River.
See Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle x8th Century (Berkeley, 1915), 81;
Hackett, Pichardo's Treatise, II, 127.
21In the Durango questionnaire, the Consulado added "their diameter and cir-
cumference, their sources and their outlets." "Relaciones," 92.
22No such lake seems to exist today.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956, periodical, 1956; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/m1/62/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.