The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956 Page: 58
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
in interest or study to the aboriginal, colonial, or revolutionary
history of the area; but it extends to all history which has been
made by any race at any time within the limits of the part of the
territory lying above the Rio Grande. This, of course, includes
American and European colonies in Tamaulipas, the Texas Revo-
lution, the border wars of both the Texas Republic and of Tamau-
lipas, the Republic of the Rio Grande, Indian wars, American pen-
etration of the trans-Nueces, such as Kinney's settlement, the Mex-
ican War, the Mexican Rio Grande towns and patrician families,
ranchos, the American Civil War in coastal Texas, the Maximilian
period, the development of the country, the Texas Rangers, border
banditti, Cortinas, the building of the railroads to the building of
Falcon Dam. There is hardly any of these phases which does not
find echo or counterpart south of the border. No, the Tamaulipecan
background in nowise restrains or restricts us from pursuing or de-
veloping to our heart's desire all purely Anglo research which may
particularly interest any of us. It adds spice to most of this as
well as provides a broad basis for serious research in important
and scarcely tilled fields of more than local or sectional interest.
We are, of course, familiar with the history of Coahuilan Texas
from the Mexican Revolution to the present. Part of our research
territory enjoys the distinction of having been under jurisdiction
of both Nuevo Santander and Coahuila. While early maps of
Nuevo Santander indicate that its limits may have extended all
along the Gulf of Mexico to the limits of Nuevo Francia, or
Louisiana, it is definitely known that the limits prior to 1805 were
the San Antonio and lower Guadalupe rivers. In 1805 the viceroy
decided the boundary dispute between Tamaulipas and Coahuila
by fixing the Nueces River as the boundary.
The long period during which Nuevo Santander, or Tamaulipas,
exercised jurisdiction as far east as the San Antonio produced
history as glamorous as it is generally unknown within that wild
territory. By recognition of this ancient jurisdiction Colonel Jos6
de Escand6n becomes an intriguing subject for our study. It is to
be recalled that Hernando Cortez and his adventurers overthrew
the Aztec Empire between 1519-1521. The Spaniards gradually
extended their power radiating from Mexico City as a center
in the general form of a circle. Besides a settlement on the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 59, July 1955 - April, 1956, periodical, 1956; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101162/m1/70/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.