The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 119
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Notes and Documents
join us in driving their enemy & ours from their soil if he desires
to invade it. They want their country. It is our interest to main-
tain them as they are in all their rights. Theirs to take their
lands & free their negroes. Ours to keep them in full possession
Let them judge & choose between us. Nations like individuals
are apt to be governed by their own interest. If they remain neu-
tral, can they expect us to fight their battles, whilst they sit idly
by, & ingloriously refuse their aid, & then ask us [to] be bound
to pay them all that is due them from the old Government. They
can help or not, as they think best, as for my Government, She
will never consent to see their country settled or Governed by
I think the war will never be brought into their country, but
if such should be the case let them grasp their arms with the
strong hands of men who know their rights & dare maintain
Arms are much more difficult to get than men.8 let those who
wish to enter our service furnish their own arms if possible. they
shall not be marched out of their own nation even into that of
another tribe unless they are invaded by the North.
Reliable information says Lane4 is at Topeka with 3000 men
& expects more soon, and that Missouri is about to make an effort
to shake off the yoke the Republicans has put upon her neck.
She has io,ooo Enfield Rifles in New Orleans. If she makes the
effort there will be the theatre of war.5
'All underlining was done by McCulloch.
20n the same day that McCulloch was writing this letter to Pike, the Cherokee
chief John Ross dispatched a letter to McCulloch stating that his tribe intended to
remain neutral. Samuel Cooper, the Confederate Adjutant General, urged McCulloch
not to disturb this neutrality. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (130 vols.; Washington, 188o-
19ig01), Series I, Vol. III, 596-597, 599-
8The Confederates were never able to arm the Indians properly because of the
constant shortage of weapons.
4James H. Lane (1814-1866) had led an army against the pro-Southern faction in
Kansas. He had been a congressman and lieutenant governor in Indiana. After
emigrating to Kansas in 1855, he served as president of the Topeka convention and
later as senator. When the war began he was appointed brigadier general of vol-
unteers. He was particularly hated because he advocated emancipation and the en-
listment of negro troops.
SThe fighting in the coming months in which McCulloch played a part bore out
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/132/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.