The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 190

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

contradictory to the point that the reader may be inclined to
admit to no more than the somewhat cautious conclusion that
at some time in the past there were Indians and there were
horses.
Mr. Roe takes up several of the usual theories concerning the
Indian and the horse. He discards the idea that there were well-
defined Indian trails on the Plains or that the use of the horse
made the Indian more nomadic or more warlike, and he dis-
counts any changes in the method of Indian warfare that the
horse might have produced. The author develops logically his
theses that Indians got their horses as gifts from the Europeans
or stole them, only the wild herds being strays, and that the use
of the horse caused the Indian to do less mass-slaughtering of the
buffalo than before.
In attempting to determine the influence of the horse on va-
rious tribal customs, Mr. Roe reaches the not very startling con-
clusions that the Indians learned to handle horses in various
ways, that sometimes they ate them when hungry, that the horse
was valuable and sometimes served as a medium of exchange,
and that dogs and later horses were used as beasts of burden.
The author devotes many pages to a study of when each Indian
tribe acquired horses and of how many each tribe had. Since
much of the evidence needed for any conclusion is contradictory
or non-existent, the reader cannot expect an exact answer. Al-
though there is nothing new presented in this work, the author
recognizes the limitations of his subject when he quotes Rice
Holmes as saying that the inquirer can do little more than use
"disciplined imagination, working upon a basis of ascertained
fact. .. " And Mr. Roe is in agreement with other modern
scholars of the subject when he reaches the conclusion that the
horse merely intensified the original traits of the Plains Indians.
DAVID B. TRIMBLE
Alabama Polytechnic Institute
A Hundred Pennsylvania Buildings. Edited by Harold E. Dick-
son. State College, Pa. (Bald Eagle Press) , 1954. Introduc-
tion, oo illustrations, and accompanying notes.
The editor provides views of interiors as well as exteriors, but
the latter are far more numerous. All are interesting to study; he

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/211/ocr/: accessed August 31, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.