The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 237
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Early Texas Inns: A Study in Social Relationships
when she died in 1859 at Indianola her estate, including five
negro slaves, was estimated to be worth fifty thousand dollars.,"
That she should have been so successful is the more remark-
able in that Austin, perhaps, through the ensuing years, afforded
more competition in hotels and more demand for official enter-
tainment than elsewhere. A worthy competitor of the Eberly
House was the well-known Bullock's Hotel. This hostelry was
the scene of many a frontier drama. The building was formed
by small houses, some frame and some log, built around a block
of ground in the center of which were the rooms of the hosts."6
The initial reason for the building of the place was a novel one.
Richard Bullock, having come to Texas with a number of slaves
in order to start a plantation, had found that danger from the
Indians made his plan impracticable. He therefore hit upon the
idea of building a fort-like mansion which would serve a two-
fold purpose: that of giving accommodation to the sixty or
seventy young men employed by the government as well as all
the young people who came to negotiate with them-army and
navy aspirants, judicial dignitaries, and the like-and at the same
time furnishing employment to his slaves and a means of live-
lihood to his family. Among the notable persons who stayed at
his hotel were General Albert Sidney Johnston, General James
Hamilton of South Carolina, who later tried to negotiate a loan
from France for Texas, and the Frenchman, Henri Castro, who
was at this time suing for a grant from the government to the land
on which Castroville was located.67
It must have been some time after the description of the inn
given above that the sketch was drawn which shows Bullock's
Hotel as it is depicted in Hogan's The Texas Republic. This
drawing gives the hotel two stories with a double gallery along
the front, the upper porch being supported by columns over the
sidewalk. Horses were often hitched to these columns. Back of
the two-story front there were one-story wings. Mrs. Julia Lee
Sinks, who was a guest there in 1840, describes a more irregular
appearing structure. She says that in the beginning the room
""Julia Lee Sinks, Memoirs (MS., Archives, University of Texas Library), 18.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/262/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.