The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 27
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The Texas Militia during Reconstruction
an act which brought forth this comment from the administra-
We predict that General Davidson will make his office anything but
a sinecure, and we advise felons, assassins, desperadoes and their
abettors, to act, if they are wise, upon the theory that if peace is not
thoroughly kept, somebody will get hurt.12
Under Davidson's guidance, the recruiting was begun. Thirty-
nine companies of State Guards were enrolled containing ap-
proximately thirty-five hundred officers and men, a considerable
number of whom were Negroes.13 Negro participation was less
a result of Radical planning than of existing local circumstances.
As one recruiting officer reported: "In raising volunteers for my
command I found only eight or nine white citizens who showed
a willingness to offer their services, consequently colored men
were selected for the duty. Many hundreds more than were re-
quired offered their services. ... "'4 In order to arm the militia,
four pieces of artillery and five hundred and twenty Springfield
rifles were obtained from the Federal government, one thousand
Remington rifles were purchased in the North, and some fifteen
hundred carbines which had been procured for frontier defense
were borrowed from the state."5
The organization and arming of the militia were accompanied
by a deluge of denunciations from the conservatives, who de-
scribed the new force as "a standing army of negro soldiers and
mercenary hirelings.". Many unsettling reports such as the fol-
lowing one from Cotton Gin, Texas, reached the governor:
... the Rebs is threatning to Resist the militia if they are organized
in this county Some of them are getting pretty sasey and some is
trying to seduse the Republican party. . they give me a good cusing
once and a while and threatning to Kill me."
12Daily State Journal (Austin), June 26, 187o.
asReport of the Adjutant General of the State of Texas, 187o (Austin, 1870), 6.
14A. G. Malloy to J. Davidson, October 22, 1871, Martial Law in Limestone
County, 1871-1873 (MS., Reconstruction Papers, Texas State Library, Austin).
15Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Texas, 1872 (Austin, 1873), 6;
Daily Austin Republican, January 20, 1871.
loDemocratic Statesman (Austin), September 5, 1871.
17James King to E. J. Davis, June 14, 1870 (MS., E. J. Davis file, Governor's
Letters, Texas State Library, Austin).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/40/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.