The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 35
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The Texas Militia during Reconstruction
from that moment, his ultimate defeat was assured. In one last
spasm of desperation, he again telegraphed Grant for support
and when the President reiterated his refusal to send troops,"1
Davis' resistance collapsed. At noon on January 19, 1874, Coke
took formal possession of the executive offices; Radical rule had
come to an end in Texas.
In retrospect, it appears that the negro militia movement was
not nearly so active in Texas as it was in several other Southern
States. The basic reason for this was the co-existence of the State
Police, a unique organization created at the same time as the
militia, and to which was assigned many of the unpleasant chores
which in other states made the militia seem particularly ob-
noxious. Because of this peculiar agency, militia activity in
Texas was restricted to enforcing martial law in areas where
disturbances were beyond control of the police, and, after aboli-
tion of the State Police, to supporting the Radical governor in
his abortive efforts to maintain possession of the State House
after having been defeated at the polls. While it is perfectly
true that the militia in Texas was never really effective in ac-
complishing its objectives, the movement was by no means in-
significant. In fact, it is in no small measure attributable to the
annoying activities and racial implications of the militia move-
ment that the Davis regime was able to establish its unenviable
reputation as one of the least popular administrations in Texas
ulNew York Herald, January 18, 1874.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/48/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.