The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 50
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
distance in the plain of Escaramuzas, a great crowd of Indian men
and women of the Vidais (Bidai) nation came out to trade. They had
a lot of venison, buffalo meat and other things. We went on to the
Pielago de las Gallinas where many other Indian men and women of
the Vidays came out with an apostate captain of that nation, called
Antonio Abed. On the night of that day, by reason of a total eclipse
which took place, I had the opportunity of speaking to those Indians
about God principally to the Apostate Captain. They were very much
impressed and begged me very insistently to send Fathers to them,
saying they wished to be Christians and to be baptized. . 39
About 1750 the Bidai numbered some one hundred, but in
1776 and 1777 an epidemic killed nearly half of them. De Mezi-
&res wrote in 1778 that Bucareli, a village on the Trinity some
sixty or seventy miles from the coast, had on the south the vil-
lages of the Orcoquiza and Attacapa and near by were also small
bands of Bidai and Tejas.40 About the middle of the nineteenth
century the remnants of this nation were in a small village about
twelve miles from Montgomery, Texas. They were cultivating
maize, serving as field hands, and bearing "faithful allegiance to
the Texans." The women were still skilled in basketry of "curi-
ous designs and great variety." The few survivors were probably
incorporated by the Caddo.41
Currently, near Big Thicket in Polk County, lives a small
remnant of the Alabama and Coushatta Indians. There were
formerly two related tribes, of Muskhogean stock, both of which
were members of the Upper Creek Confederacy.42 The Coushatta
crossed the Sabine in 1807 and settled on the Trinity River about
three leagues below the village of Salcedo.43 The Alabamas set-
tled in their village near the Sabine and later on the Neches at
a time not exactly known. They were about six hundred in
number at the time of their settlement there.44
According to a census of Texas Indians in 1831 by J. Francisco
89Margaret Kenney Kress (trans.), "Diary of Inspection of the Texas Missions
Made by Fray Gaspar Jos6 de Solis in the Year 1767-68," Southwestern Historical
Quarterly, XXXV, 71.
40Bolton, Athanase de Mdzibres, II, 188-189.
4lHodge, Handbook of American Indians, I, 145; Sibley, "Historical Sketches,"
American State Papers, Indian Affairs, IV, 722-724.
42Hodge, Handbook of American Indians, I, 719-720.
43Sibley, "Historical Sketches," American State Papers, Indian Affairs, IV, 724.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/63/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.