The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957 Page: 54
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
though, shows that the Chisholm Trail was a fairly definite route
from the Texas ranges to Kansas markets. Both on the map and
in time, it was the middle one, and the most used, of the three
principal cattle trails pointing north. To its east was the earlier
Shawnee Trail, and to its west was the newer Western Trail. Use
of the Chisholm Trail, which existed from the middle of 1867
through 1884, overlapped, in its earlier years, with that of the
Shawnee Trail, and, in its later years, with that of the Western
Trail, opened in 1876.
Like the other trails, the Chisholm was a means of solving an
economic problem. Texas had an overabundance of wild and
half-wild Longhorn cattle, especially after the Civil War had
disrupted marketing. There were no railroads to haul the cattle
to market, and Gulf shipping could handle only a small fraction
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 60, July 1956 - April, 1957, periodical, 1957; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101163/m1/67/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.