The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 194
A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SOILS OF TEXAS
A. EAST TEXAS TIMBER COUNTRY (including East Cross Timbers): Total Area-26 million acres
Soils - Light colored, acid sandy loams and sands. Main series: Bowie, Norfolk, Ruston, Kirvin,
Nacogdoches, Boswell, Lufkin, Lakeland.
Vegetation - Loblolly and shortleaf pine and oaks.
Land Use - Timber, pasture, truck crops.
Soils - Dark colored, acid sandy loams and clays. Main series: Bibb, Iuka, Ochlockonee.
Vegetation - Bottomland hardwoods.
Land Use - Pasture, meadow, timber.
B. GULF COAST PRAIRIE: Total Area-8 million acres
Soils - Dark colored, black to gray clays, some sandy loams, (acid east of Trinity River).
Main Series: Lake Charles, Beaumont, Harris, Hockley, Katy, Edna.
Vegetation - Tall bunch grasses.
Land Use - Pisture, rice, cotton.
C. BLACKLAND PRAIRIE: Total Area-11 million acres
Soils - Dark colored, limy, crumbly clays. Main series: Houston, Hunt, Bell6 Austin, Lewisville.
Vegetation - Tall prairie grasses.
Land Use - Cotton, small grains, corn, pasture.
Gray Prairie (mixed land)
Soils - Light colored, acid loams and clays. Main series: Wilson, Crockett, Irving.
Vegetation - Tall prairie grasses, some oaks.
Land Use - Pasture, cotton, corn.
Soils - Dark colored, limy clays. Main series: Trinity, Catalpa, Kaufman.
Vegetation - Bottomland hardwoods.
Land Use - Cotton, pasture, corn.
D. GRAND PRAIRIE: Total Area-7 million acres
Soils - Dark colored, liny, crumbly, stony clays. Main series: San Saba, Denton, Crawford,
Vegetation - Tall prairie grasses, some live oak, cedar.
Land Use - Small grains, pasture, range, corn, sorghums, cotton.
E. WEST CROSS TIMBERS: Total Area-7 million acres
Soils - Light colored, slightly acid sandy loams and sands. Main series: Windthorst, Nimrod,
Stephenville, Darnell, May.
Vegetation - Tall and short grasses, scrub oak.
Land Use , Range, pasture, peanuts, peaches, grain sorghum.
F. CENTRAL BASIN: Total Area-2 million acres
Soils - Reddish, non-limy, stony sandy loams. Main Series: Tishomingo, Harley, Pontotoc,
Vegetation - Mesquite trees, live oak, post oak, mixed grasses.
Land Use - Range, grain sorghums, small grains.
G. RIO GRANDE PLAIN: Total Area-22 million acres
Soils - Dark soils: Black, limy clays. Main series: Victoria, Monteola.
Red soils: Non-limy, reddish sandy loams. Main series: Duval, Webb.
Grayish-brown soils: Non-acid, deep crumbly clay loams and sandy loams. Main Series:
-lidalgo, Willacy, Brennan.
Loose sands: Mainly Nueces series.
Vegetation - Grasses, mesquite and other shrubs, mostly thorny.
Land Use - Range, pasture, citrus, commercial vegetables, cotton, sorghums, corn.
H. EDWARDS PLATEAU: Total Area-221A million acres
Soils - Mostly dark, limy, stony clays. Main series: Tarrant, Valera, Ector,
Vegetation - Cedars, live oak, shin oak, mesquite trees, short grasses.
Land Use - Mostly range for beef cattle, sheep, and goats.
I. ROLLING PLAINS: Total Area-24% million acres
Soils - Dark brown to red, limy clays and loams. Main series: Abilene, Miles, Foard, Valera,
Vegetation - Short grasses and bunch grasses.
Land Use - Range, cotton, grain sorghum, small grains.
J. HIGH PLAINS: Total Area-21 million acres
Soils - Brown or red, non-limy sands, sandy loams, and clay 1oams. Main series: Amarillo, Pullman
Mansker, potter, Tivoli, Brownfield.
Vegetation - Short grasses.
Land Use - Wheat, cotton, grain sorghums, pasture, Irish potatoes, range.
K. MOUNTAINS AND BASINS: Total Area-17 million acres
Soils - Light colored, limy stony sands and clays. Main series: Reeves, Reagan, Verhalen,
Brewster, Ector, Rough stony land.
Vegetation - Short grass, desert shrubs.
Land Use - Range; under irrigation, cotton, alfalfa, sorghums, cantaloupes.
Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, The Texas A. & M. College System
and the United States Department of Agriculture cooperating. Distributed in furtherance of the
Acts of Congress of May 8, 1914, as amended, and June 30, 1914.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/194/ocr/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.