The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 261
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH F. GLADDEN, OF DE KALB, ILLINOIS.
IMPROVEMENT IN WIRE FENCES.
Specifieation forming part of [Letters Patent No. 137,1t4, dated November-98, 1874; application Aled
October 17, 1873.
lb a l whorl, it mal/ concsrn: The letter D indicates thespur wires. Each
Be it known that I, JOsEI'PH F. GLIDDEN, of these is formed of a short piece of wire
of )De Kalb, in the county of De Kalb and which is bent at its middle portion, as at E,
Stateof Illinois, ha% e invented a new and vain- around one only of the wirestrands, thistrand
able Improvement in Wire Fences; and that being designated by the letter a. In forming
the follo inug as a full, clear, and exact deserip- this middle bend or coil several turns are
tion of t' wco -t!ructlion and operation of the taken in the wire, so that it will extend along
same, tL :rent being had to the accompany- the strand.-wire foradistanceseveral timethe
ing drawings, in which- breadth of its diameter, and thereby form a
Figure 1 represents a side view of a section solid and substantial bearing- head for the
of fence exhibiting ny arvention. Fig. 2 is a spurs, which will effectually preve&.. them;
sectional view, and Fig. 3 is a perspective from vibratinglaterallyor beingpusheddown
view, of the same. by cattle against the fence wire. Although
This invention has relation to means for pre- these espur-wires may be turned at once around
venting cattle front breaking through wire the wire strand, it is preferred to form the en-
fences; and It, emiists in 'combining, with the trial bend first, and to then slip them on the
twisted fence wires, a short transverse wire, wire strand, arranging them at suitable dis-
coiled or bent at its central portion alout one dances apart. The spurs havingthus been ar-
of the wire stands of the twist, with its free ranged on one of the wire strands are fired
ends projecting in opposite directiona, the in position and place by approaching theother
other wait: strand serving to bind the spur- wire strands z on the side of the bend from
wire firmly to its place, and in position, with which the spurs extend, and then twisting the
its spur ends perpendicular to the direction of two strands a a together by means of the wire
the fence wire, lateral movement, as well as i key above mentioned, or otherwise. This op-
vibration, being prevented. It also consists eration locks each spur-wire at its allotted
in the costrnet ion and novel arrangement, in place, and prevents it from moving therefrom
connection with such a twisted fence wire, and in either direction. It clamps the bend of the
itsspur-wires,eonnectedand arranged asabove spur-wire upon the wire a, thereby holding it
described, of a twisting- key or head piece against rotary vibration. Finally, the bpur
passing thIrongh the fence-post, carrying the ends extending out between the strands on
ends of the fence- wires, and serving, when each side, and where the wires are moreolosely
the spurs become loose, to tighten the twistof approximated in the twist, form shoulders or
the wiret, anl thus render them rigid and firm I stops a, which effectually prevent such rota-
sa position,. Lion in either direction.
li the accompanying drawings, the letter B Should the spurs,-from the untwisting of
desigiate.s the fence-posts, the twisted fence- ithe strands, become loose and easily movable
wire co. rctig the same being indicated by I on their bearings, a few turns of the twisting-
the letter A. (C represents the twisting-key, key will make them firm, besides straighten--
tl.h hlank of which passes through the fence- ing tp the fence-ware.
past, and is provided at its end with an eye, What I claim as any invention, and desire
b, to which the fentce-wire is attached. The to secure by Letters Patent, is--
outer iend of said key is provided with a trans- A twisted fence wire having the transverse
er-e thumb piece, , which serves for its ma- spur-wire 1) bent at its middle portion about
ntapulation, and at the same time, abutting one of the wire strands a of said fence-wire,
against the ipost, forms a shoulder or stop, and clamped in position and place by the
which preveuti the contraction of the wire other wire strand z, twisted upon its fellow,
from drawing the key through its perforation substantially as specified.
in said post. JOSEPH F. GLIDDE.
The feuce-wire is composed at least of two JOSEPR F. OLTDDEN.
strands, a and z, which are designed to be Witnesses:
twisted togetherafter the spur-wires have been G. L. CrAPIn,
arranged in place. J. H. BEJoTr.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/261/?rotate=90: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.