The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 222
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
first official acts--the issuance of a marriage license to a self-con-
scious young country couple, for which the groom had no money
to pay and "liquidated with a side of bacon and other 'truck'
as the groom expressed it."
Had Giddings anticipated a quiet career as a county lawyer,
the events that engulfed him during his first months in Texas
and joined his future irrevocably to the frontier would soon have
brought disenchantment. In June, 1846, a courier raced into
Brenham and announced that Indians had attacked and killed a
number of settlers in the Yegua Creek bottom. Captain Thomas
Smith, an experienced Indian fighter, immediately organized a
volunteer force of twenty-eight men, which included the young
tenderfoot district-county clerk. As an old man dictating his
memoirs more than half a century later, Giddings recalled the
exciting and exhausting days of the expedition, which marked
the first of his many clashes with the Indians of the Southwest:
With two pack mules as well as two negro servants, we left
Brenham and marched against the Indians. We found and buried
the bodies of two people who had been killed by them. We camped
on Richmond creek that night and were joined on the trail next
morning by a party of twelve Arkansas immigrants who informed
us that the savages had killed a whole family consisting of a man,
his wife and three children, not far from where we then were. We
went to the place, found and buried the bodies, and again took
up the trail. When we next went into camp on the same creek a
band of about seventy-five Indians charged right through our camp,
shooting arrows promiscuously among us and firing some shots from
the few firearms they possessed. Gus Williams, one of the Arkansas
immigrants, was wounded in the shoulder with one of their arrows.
Captain Smith ordered me to act as the surgeon of the command,
instructing me to cut the arrow out. He sharpened his bowie knife,
with which I extracted the missile. The wound bled profusely. We
roasted some prickly pear and applied it to the wound. Two days
later a heavy rain fell and Williams had a congestive chill, from the
effects of which, together with the injury caused by the arrow, he
died a few hours after. We had no other implements and so dug
his grave with our bowie knives and buried him at the spot where
Proceeding onward we trailed the Indians to the Wichita moun-
tains. There we came upon them just before dawn and attacked
them, killing and wounding a large number of the adult males and
eBarnes (ed.), "Giddings Memoirs," San Antonio Daily Express, May 4, 1902.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/278/: accessed February 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.