The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 271
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The 1850 Affair of the Brownsville Separatists
Are you the owners of real estate in the valley of the Rio Grande?
Texas would force you into expensive and ruinous lawsuits. If you
desire the prosperity of this valley - a rapid development of its
agricultural resources, and the quiet enjoyment of your property,
which you have acquired by years of industrious toil, you must
look to the United States for a disinterested government and in-
dependent judiciary. With a territorial government, land titles
would at once be quieted, and the country settled and improved
by a producing population. Lands with undoubted titles might then
be purchased for a less price than it would cost to locate them.
A territorial organization is now within our reach. We have only
to make our wishes known to Congress, and it will concede all
that we ask. Many of the States have instructed their Senators and
requested their Representatives to vote on all questions which may
arise, as though this was a territory distinct from Texas. A bill de-
claring it such has already been introduced into the Senate.
Fellow-citizens, not a moment is to be lost. This important ques-
tion is now before Congress. Let there be a full and general at-
tendance at this meeting of the people of Cameron County. Come
one, come all!!12
As the lamps sputtered on into the night, pens sketched out
plans for revolution. Men eager to control vast and verdant
Spanish grants and porciones were elated with the night's work.
For, with a territorial government established over the Nueces-
Rio Grande country, their plans would proceed, they thought,
unimpeded by the Texas government. With control of the terri-
torial courts, their claims to Valley lands would, they hoped, be
validated. The Separatists, therefore, passed the following reso-
PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE MEETING
Whereas, We believe that all that portion of country lying East
of the Rio Grande and South of the line of New Mexico, distinct
from the former province of Texas, of right belongs to the Govern-
ment of the United States, and that the State of Texas has extended
her jurisdiction over it without our consent; and that the late
measures taken by her will retard her growth and prosperity, by
involving the property holders in endless and ruinous litigation,
and thereby prevent the development of its resources, and,
Whereas, We are, in geographical position as well as in interest,
separate and distinct from Texas, and believe that a territorial
2Texas State Gazette (Austin), March 23, 1850, reprinted from the American
Flag (Brownsville), February 6, 1850.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/329/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.