The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 328
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
from the Port Arthur area to Mississippi River terminal facilities
at Helena, Arkansas. This project involved the construction of a
ten-inch line from El Dorado, Arkansas, to Helena, and the re-
versal of existing lines from the El Dorado-Shreveport area to
the Port Arthur area. Construction proceeded rapidly on the
"Big Inch," the "Little Big Inch," and other projects, and within
seventeen months from Pearl Harbor Day facilities had been com-
pleted for the movement north and east from Texas of approxi-
mately 150,000 barrels of products and approximately 350,000
barrels of crude oil daily. Before the end of the war these facilities
had been expanded until approximately 800,000 barrels of oil
and products were being moved inland or to the Atlantic Coast
from Texas daily. Interconnecting or enlarged facilities in Texas,
such as those from the Corpus Christi area to the Houston area
and from West Texas fields to the Corsicana and East Texas area,
permitted the movement of approximately 200,000 barrels more
than at the beginning of 1942.
The increasing need for a convenient and efficient fuel in
more ample quantities along the Eastern Seaboard was reflected
in the granting of a permit to the Tennessee Gas Transmission
Company for the construction of a gas transmission line from
Texas to West Virginia in September, 1943. Construction com-
menced in December, and the first gas was delivered through the
line eleven months later.
Exploratory activity in Texas during 1941 had resulted in
significant discoveries along the newly established Wilcox trend
of the Gulf Coast region, in deeper production on the flanks of
salt domes, in excellent production from Mississippian horizons in
North Texas, and in the discovery of deep pay horizons in the
Ellenberger and Simpson horizons of West Texas. These proved
a sound foundation from which to carry on development and
further exploration during the years of war need. The problem
of establishing and maintaining an efficient high rate of daily
production was increased during 1942 and the years immedi-
ately following by difficulty in securing pumping equipment and
replacement material for stripper wells, which resulted in a con-
sequently increased rate of abandonment of such wells. The prob-
lem was further complicated by the large decline in drilling
activity caused by the shortage of steel and the fact that many
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/406/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.