The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 342
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the eighteen provincial deputations, Iturbide on March 7, 1823,
restored the old national congress that he had dissolved a year
earlier. This reconvened body wrote a constitution for the nation,
but the provincial deputations rejected it and insisted upon elect-
ing a new congress to perform that task.2 Acting under this pres-
sure, on May 21, 1823, the old congress agreed to call an election
of deputies for a new congress. The election law was passed finally
by the old congress on June 17, and by July 5 the Eastern Interior
Provinces had been districted so that Texas was allowed to elect
one delegate as its portion of the allotted representation Under
this authorization, on August 3, Erasmo Seguin was selected as
the Texas representative.4 Because of political differences between
Father Servando Mier and Ramos Arizpe, however, the various
parts of the Eastern Interior Provinces (Nuevo Leon, Coahuila,
and Texas) were recognized by the old congress as separate polit-
ical entities on August 18, 1823." Therefore, Texas was authorized
a provincial deputation and was entitled to a representative in the
national congress as a full-fledged province rather than a sub-
division. Seguin was confirmed in his post and went to Mexico
City as the representative selected by the Texas provincial depu-
tation rather than one of a delegation from the Eastern Interior
In order to quiet the fears of the provincial deputations and
assure them of the type of government that the new congress
would create, it was suggested in congress on November 14 that a
provisional constitution be adopted immediately. Josh Miguel
Ramos Arizpe, delegate from Coahuila and one of the most influ-
ential members of the congress, after a week's work, on November
20o, 1823, presented the draft of a provisional constitution. Con-
gress began immediately a discussion of this document, the Acta
2Benson, "Servando Teresa de Mier, Federalist," ibid., XXVIII, 518.
sJunta Preparatoria, July 5, 1823, cited in Thomas W. Streeter, Bibliography of
Texas, 1795-1845 (3 vols.; Cambridge, 1955-1956), III, Item 70o, pp. 26-27.
4Minutes of Bexar ayuntamiento, 1820-1825 (MSS., Bexar Archives, University
of Texas Library).
5Benson, La diputacion provincial y el federalismo mexicana (Mexico, 1955),
"Minutes of Bexar ayuntamiento, 1820o-1825 (MSS., Bexar Archives, University
of Texas Library).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/420/: accessed May 1, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.