The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 431
THE SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY
VOL. LXI APRIL, 1958 No. 4
Zhe Cqa lar-, Vedi bors Struq/e over
the Upper Rio trade e gita ofa
reras i& 1850
KENNETH F. NEIGHBOURS
AFTER Old Rough and Ready Zachary Taylor came to power
I as a Whig in 1849, a Texan of the Democratic persuasion,
little known outside his state, lost his minor governmental
position to a Whig appointee. In less than a year that Texan had so
nettled Old Rough and Ready that he made Congress a rostrum
from which to call the Texan a trespasser. When the Grim Reaper
removed Old Rough and Ready, his successor threatened to call
out the militia, the army, and the navy to halt the train of
events set off by the Texan.'
That Texan was Robert Simpson Neighbors who had lost
through the spoils system his former position as United States
Special Indian Agent for all Texas, and had then been appointed
by Texas to organize its counties in territories disputed with
Whig officialdom. In 1836 at the age of twenty, Neighbors had
come to Texas during the revolution against Mexico, and had
remained for a career as an officer in the Army of the Republic
of Texas, in which he attained the rank of major. His military
career terminated with his capture by General Adrian Woll in
1842 and his imprisonment in the dread fortress of San Carlos de
Perote in Mexico for nearly two years. After his return to Texas,
'For the comprehensive and pioneer work on the Texas-New Mexico dispute of
1850, which puts it in its national context, see William Campbell Binkley, The
Expansionist Movement in Texas, 1836-185o (Berkeley, 1925). The present article,
which is confined largely to the role of Major Robert S. Neighbors, was suggested
by Professor Holman Hamilton of the University of Kentucky.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/533/ocr/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.