The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 498
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Broken cumulus and strato-cumulus. Fresh to brisk northerly
winds. Special observations taken at noon and 3:00 r.M. [E.S.T.]
Order to hoist storm northwest 10:35 A.M. [E.S.T.] received at 11:3o
A.M. [E.S.T.] and hoisted at 11:35 A.M. [E.S.T.] Rough sea with heavy
southeast swells during afternoon and evening.,
The storm, then, had turned northwestward from Florida.
Since the winds from a tropical hurricane blow counterclockwise
around a low-pressure center (in the Northern Hemisphere), the
central office in Washington, D. C., which had sole authority then
for issuing storm warnings, evidently had predicted the hurricane
would strike the coast to the east of Galveston. This would have
put the island city in the storm's left semicircle, where the winds
are not so destructive.
When the 8:oo A.M. [E.S.T.] readings were made Saturday
morning, September 8, the sky was still covered with clouds-
stratus by then-coming from the north. The wind had risen,
Joseph Cline observed, to a velocity of twenty-three miles an
hour; it was also from the north. (This official velocity repre-
sented a five-minute average; at times it blew with greater force.)
The barometer was still falling gradually.10
In Isaac M. Cline's official report to the Weather Bureau, writ-
ten a few days after the storm (and reprinted in full in Clarence
Ousley's Galveston in goo, the most accurate of several books
published in the months following the disaster), Cline made this
The usual signs heralding the approach of hurricanes were not
present. A brick dust sky was not in evidence. This feature, distinctly
observed in other storms in this section, was carefully watched for,
both on the evening of the seventh and the morning of the eighth.
There were cirrus clouds moving from the southeast during the
afternoon of the seventh, but by noon only alto-stratus from the north-
east were observed. About the middle of the afternoon the clouds were
divided between cirrus, alto-stratus, and cumulus, moving from
the northeast. During the rest of the seventh, strato-cumulus clouds
prevailed, with a steady movement from the northeast. A heavy swell
from the southeast made its appearance in the Gulf of Mexico during
9Daily Journal, September 7, 1900oo (MS., United States Weather Bureau office,
loWeather records for September, 1900oo (MS., United States Weather Bureau office,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/602/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.