The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958 Page: 509
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Beginnings of Fort Belknap
settlement to serve the dual purpose of restraining Indian raids
on the relentlessly westward moving pioneers and of discourag-
ing hostile attacks on westbound goldseekers traveling the Marcy
Wagon Trail to California. The records clearly show that Briga-
dier General William G. Belknap, of the 5th Infantry Regiment,
was particularly selected for the arduous duty of making a careful
inspection of the Texas frontier and marking out sites for the
proposed military posts.
The white settlers, always desirous of more land, were pushing
forward on the western frontier. The state legislature, under the
pressure of this situation, by a joint resolution of March 2o, 1848,
urged the Texas senators and representatives in Congress to use
their influence for the passage of an act to establish "a chain of
military posts, in advance of the settlements, between Red River
and the Rio Grande, and that said posts shall be removed from
time to time as the settlements advance."
The resolution further recommended that the act provide for
the commandant of the troops on the frontier to confer with the
governor of Texas so that they might jointly co-operate in a policy
to preserve friendly relations with the Indians and protect the
The federal government acted promptly. Within a little more
than a year such line of military posts was established, including
Fort Worth, Fort Graham, Fort Gates, Fort Croghan, and Fort
Within less than two years the white settlers had passed west
of this line of forts and were suffering the loss of property and
lives by the raids of the Indians. Again the legislature appealed
to the federal government for protection for the settlers. In the
preamble to a joint resolution of January 28, 185o, the legisla-
ture set out the facts developed by its committee: "That vast
numbers of her citizens have been killed or captured, and that
the property of her citizens, to a vast amount, has been stolen and
carried away by the Indians in amity and treaty with the United
Then followed the resolution:
1H. P. N. Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 (xo vols.; Austin,
1898), III, 20o6.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958, periodical, 1958; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101164/m1/615/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.