The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 83
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Notes and Documents
five barrels of corn at five piastres14 each, having very great need
for them. We learned from the master of this pirogue that M.
Terrisse, ensign of the company, commanding the garrison of
Natchitoches, had retired to the Assinais [Hasinai, or Texas],'1
among the Spaniards, turning over his post to the direction of
the sergeant. We continued to advance and found a stream which
was flowing to the southeast. At two leagues and a half higher,
we passed a bank of rocks, of pebbles, a half league above which
we entered into a lake. To the right, we made that way a half
league to the north, as far as to the end of a range of small willows
which stretch out on the left; having gone around them, we
entered a stream, into which, having advanced for a quarter of a
league toward the west, we found very beautiful lands, where we
camped to the right. This lake is two leagues long by a half wide;
it lies north and south.
The 17th, we continued to navigate on a lake. At midday, we
arrived at a high ground, where we found very beautiful quarries
of white rock very suitable for durability in building. In the
afternoon we went westward; in the evening we camped at the
Shore of the Turkeys, which finds itself to the right of the lake.
The 18th, to the west of the shore, we entered into a stream,
which led us into a lake one league long and a half league wide;
we went northwestward to some willows which are on the right,
forming a canal of a quarter of a league in length, which led us
into a canal two leagues long, which runs west-northwest, at the
end of which we entered into another small lake, named the Lake
of the Cross, which runs along the same point of the compass a
half league. We still kept to the right of the lake; in the evening
we camped at the entry of a stream, which leads into the Lake of
The 19th, we went along a stream which runs toward the north;
from there we entered into the principal river branch, which
meanders extraordinarily.-In the evening we camped on a bluff,
upon which we shot some turkeys.
14Piastre meant a coin of various countries, here meaning, possibly, the Spanish
1sHasinai, or Texas, designated a large group of tribes, both Caddoan and other-
wise, living along the tributaries of the Angelina and Trinity rivers, usually com-
bined against the Apaches. The Nabedache, Nacogdoches, Ayish, and so on, were
among the Hasinai.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/103/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.