The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 129
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volume-do the authors see eye to eye. Some uphold the Southern
stand, while others question the wisdom and morality of it.
'To the various essayists the Southern ethos appears in many
different forms: To one it lies in "an historical sense of life, an
instinctive realization that man was not a creature of chance and
the moment"; to another, in the classical, humanistic traditions
that cause the people of the region to resist the regimentation of
an Orwellian nightmare; to another, in the presence of the farm
and the Negro; to another, in a fraternity of failure created by
recurrent defeat at the hands of the stronger North; to another,
in the transcending importance of family; to another, in a deep
and abiding religious faith; and to yet another, in a tenacious
conservatism that breeds unyielding opposition to centralism and
to the "dead hand of the impassive state."
Nor do the writers agree as to whether the South will ulti-
mately be able to retain her distinctiveness. Some of them assert
that she will not. Editor Louis D. Rubin, Jr., says that the region
faces the gravest challenge of its entire history, both from without
and within. Most of the essayists feel, however, that in some way
the South will for the foreseeable future remain the South.
Francis Butler Simkins offers the interesting thesis that this will
be accomplished through the dynamic influence of orthodox re-
ligion. Richard M. Weaver and K. V. Hoffman believe that the
South will emerge as leader of the nation in the coming struggle
for world domination with the powers of Communism. Clifford
Dowdey feels that spiritually the Confederacy is rising again, and
that there are lots of Yankee converts to her cause. Editor James
Jackson Kilpatrick predicts that the South may possibly become
the anchor by which the nation will ride out the storm of om-
The most vulnerable feature of these dialectics is the practical
end to which they can lead. They can reduce the nation to impo-
tence. The Southern people ought not to forget that the Confed-
eracy itself was destroyed because certain of her leaders insisted
upon a full application of the doctrine of states' rights while en-
gaged in a struggle for survival. The arguments in behalf of sec-
tional distinctiveness can be employed to perpetuate a social
system that to a majority of the enlightened citizens of the world
is morally indefensible.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/151/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.