The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 145
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The Reconstruction Courts of Texas, 1867-1873
succeeding court was offered to Edmund J. Davis by the military
authorities." Upon his rejection of the post, Amos Morrill was
designated chief justice and Livingston Lindsay, Albert H. Lat-
imer, Colbert Caldwell, and Andrew J. Hamilton, former pro-
visional governor, were appointed associate justices. This court
commenced to function in the latter part of 1867.
Major General Winfield S. Hancock, who was later a Demo-
cratic candidate for President, succeeded General Sheridan as
commander of the Fifth Military District. Hancock was more
favorable to the moderate element than his predecessor2 and
issued a call for a new constitutional convention. He was shortly
thereafter succeeded by Major General Joseph J. Reynolds, who
played the larger part in Texas Reconstruction from the military
standpoint. It was said that Reynolds had ambitions to be the
United States senator from Texas, and upon receiving no encour-
agement from the moderate Republican element turned the con-
siderable influence of his position to the assistance of the rad-
icals."3 Reconstruction in Louisiana had been officially com-
pleted so that the Fifth Military District was confined to Texas
The Constitutional Convention of 1868 was marked by a
cleavage between the moderates and the radicals which paralleled
the division between the factions in the Republican party at
Washington. The leaders of the moderates were A. J. Hamilton
and E. M. Pease, while the radical element was headed by Morgan
11Dudley G. Wooten, A Comprehensive History of Texas (2 vols.; Dallas, 1898),
II, 168. The portion of Wooten's book designated as "The Political, Legislative,
and Judicial History of Texas for Its Fifty Years of Statehood, 1845-1895" was
written by Oran M. Roberts. It is the primary general history text consulted be-
cause it contains numerous copies of official acts and papers and also reflects Rob-
erts' views on the events and occurrences of Reconstruction times. Wortham's
History of Texas, heretofore cited, is also valuable because of its selection of im-
portant historical documents.
'aWortham, History of Texas, V, 53. After the election of 1869, the legislature
selected Morgan C. Hamilton and J. W. Flanagan to serve as United States senators.
Hamilton was elected to the short term to expire on March 4, 1871, and also for
the succeeding term which extended to 1877. In 1871 the legislature attempted to
revoke Morgan C. Hamilton's election to the long term in the Senate and designate
General Reynolds as senator in his stead. Hamilton, who by then was a bitter
political enemy of Governor E. J. Davis, successfully contested Reynolds' claim
to the seat before the United States Senate.-Ramsdell, Reconstruction in Texas,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/187/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.