The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 147
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The Reconstruction Courts of Texas, 1867-873
There is no doubt that this suffrage decision in the Constitu-
tional Convention of 1868 laid the basis for the Democratic
victory of 1873. On the basis of principle, Hamilton had suc-
ceeded in enfranchising his political enemies.16
The constitution adopted by the convention became effective
in 1869. The two contending candidates for governor were A. J.
Hamilton and E. J. Davis. Major General Reynolds undoubtedly
played a controlling role in this election. On September 30o, 1869,
Governor E. M. Pease, who had been appointed by General Sher-
idan, resigned in protest because of Reynolds' participation in the
campaign on behalf of the radicals. In his letter of resignation
Pease referred to one written by Reynolds to President Grant
This letter [said Pease] endorses General Davis and his followers,
who, whatever may be their present professions, have made the most
strenuous and factious efforts to prevent the adoption of any con-
stitution by our late Constitutional Convention, and to induce Con-
gress to delay the reconstruction of the State.
It also condemns General Hamilton and his supporters, among
disqualified from holding office by the fourteenth amendment to the Constitution
of the United States, shall be entitled to register as voters, and all citizens whose
said disabilities have been removed, or may hereafter be removed by the Congress
of the United States, should also be entitled to register and vote."-Ibid.
The so-called "iron-clad oath" used during congressional Reconstruction to
disqualify numerous persons from taking part in political activities read as follows:
"I, --- ---, do solemnly swear (or affirm), in the presence of Almighty God,
that I am a citizen of the State of ---, that I have resided in said State twelve
months next preceding this day, and now reside in the county of ---, in said
State; that I am twenty-one years old; that I have not been disfranchised for
participation in any rebellion or civil war against the United States, or for any
felony committed against the laws of any State or of the United States; that I
have never been a member of any State legislature, nor held any executive office
in any State, and afterwards engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United
States, or given aid to the enemies thereof; that I will faithfully support the Con-
stitution and obey the laws of the United States, and will, to the best of my
ability, encourage others so to do. So help me God."-Ibid., 164.
10Wortham, History of Texas, V, 57, quoting the Houston Telegraph as follows:
"If we reflect that he labored to give the ballot to those who had bitterly opposed
him, that he placed himself in opposition to the extreme members of his own
party, that he labored for a people who he believed had wronged him, ... that
he clothed us with the ballot at the imminent risk of having it used against him-
self, and that all passion and even promise pointed out to him the opposite
course as the one most for his interest, then indeed does he stand before us as a
patriot, firm, tried and true." With reference to Hamilton, see John Robert Adkins,
The Public Career of Andrew Jackson Hamilton (Master's thesis, University of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/189/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.