The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 179
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The United States-Mexican Boundary Survey
missioner Bartlett backed Gray in the matter and refused to allow
Colonel Graham to attend any conferences that might be held
with the Mexican commission on the grounds that only the
commissioner and surveyor were designated as negotiators in the
treaty.48 Colonel Graham replied by ordering Lieutenant Burn-
side to refuse supplies to Bartlett, which he did in a manner
calculated to ruffle rather than to soothe injured feelings.4" The
colonel also refused to perform any duty himself or to allow his
subordinates to perform any until Bartlett acknowledged his
authority.50 Inevitably Bartlett protested to Secretary Stuart who
saw to the removal of Graham almost simultaneously with that
of A. B. Gray, although for different reasons.51 In a sense, the
petty quarrel between the arrogant Colonel Graham and the
long-suffering surveyor, A. B. Gray, tended to obscure the more
serious initial-point dispute. Ultimately, however, it created two
powerful groups of adversaries for Bartlett and the Whigs-the
Army and the western expansionist Democrats who had backed
Gray. The entire Texas delegation, including Sam Houston,
Thomas Rusk, and Volney Howard, demanded an explanation
from Secretary of Interior Stuart,52 and soon they joined forces
with the army political supporters and with Senator Weller from
California in an all-out denunciation of the Whig boundary com-
mission and the negotiations executed by it.
In September, 1851, even before Gray received his dismissal,
Secretary Stuart had appointed the topographical engineer, Major
William H. Emory, chief astronomer and surveyor.53 By Septem-
ber 25 Major Emory had embarked from New Orleans for
Indianola with a small corps of experts to add to those already
present on the Rio Grande. Before he even reached the scene of
activity, Emory received a special communique from Stuart or-
dering him to authenticate the Bartlett-Cond6 agreement in his
48Senate Executive Documents, 32nd Cong., Ist Sess. (Serial No. 626), Document
No. 119, pp. 211-212.
52Robert Russel, Improvement of Communication with the Pacific Coast as an
Issue in American Politics, 1783-x864 (Cedar Rapids, 1948), 135.
53House Executive Documents, 34th Cong., 1st Sess. (Serial No. 861), Document
No. 135, p. 10.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/222/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.