The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 184
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the delegation from Virginia led by the strict constructionist,
Senator James Y. Mason.74 The Virginians claimed to be pri-
marily interested in vindicating the aggrieved Colonel Graham,
who was a distinguished citizen of that state.75 In their stand they
were joined by the defenders of Colonel McClellan and ulti-
mately, though not immediately, by those who supported Major
Emory, so that, viewed in one sense, the fight was between the
Democrats and the Army technicians on one side, and the Whigs
and their civilian commissioner on the other. Mason's actions had
a telling effect. As chairman of the Committee on Foreign Rela-
tions, he delivered a report on the boundary affairs which dis-
agreed in every respect with Secretary of Interior Stuart's evalua-
tion of the situation."6 It concluded with resolutions which:
(1) forbade the commissioners and surveyors to "alter, vary, or
modify" the boundaries in the treaty, (2) declared the commis-
sioner and surveyor to have equal and joint powers only, and
(3) declared that the action of Commissioner Bartlett was a de-
parture from the treaty.77 On August 27 Mason furnished the
finishing stroke when he moved to attach a proviso to the crucial
deficiency bill, which included an appropriation of $12o,ooo for
finishing the survey. It specified:
that no part of this appropriation shall be used or expended until
it shall be made satisfactorily to appear to the President of the
United States that the southern boundary of New Mexico is not
established by the Commissioner and Surveyor of the United States
further north of the town called Paso than the same is laid down
on Disturnell's map which is attached to the treaty.78
This provision meant the virtual cessation of all activities in
While the Democrats had patriotic and economic reasons for
attacking the Bartlett-Cond6 agreement, it is clear from the lan-
74Congressional Globe, 32nd Cong., ist Sess., Vol. XXIV, Part II, July 6, 1852,
76Senate Committee Reports, 32nd Cong., 1st Sess. (Serial No. 631), Report No.
345, PP. 1-7.
78Congressional Globe, 32nd Cong., 1st Sess., Vol. XXIV, Part II, July 6, 1852,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/227/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.