The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 189
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The United States-Mexican Boundary Survey
of a railroad route within one league on either side of the Gila."
Later Emory saw the thirty-second parallel as a boundary Which
would secure the route for the United States. Yet when A. B. Gray
insisted on a boundary south of that line, a boundary which the
expansionists earnestly desired, Emory declared that it was still
not far enough south to secure the route."" This stand placed him
decidedly out of favor with the Rusk faction, and when Emory
saw the Bartlett-Cond6 agreement as a fait accompli, he, like
Bartlett, was definitely an obstacle in the way of expansion. While
it is possible, therefore, to conclude that Emory and the topo-
graphical corps favored the thirty-second parallel route and were
ready to "torture the treaty" to secure it, it is not at all certain
that they adopted this stand on behalf of sectional rather than
In the actual course of events, Trist's explanation of the proper
boundary line went unheeded. The expansionists succeeded in
making the Whigs appear as a party of anti-expansionists and
blunderers, and won the November election of 1852 handily.
Mason's proviso was confirmed, and on December 22, 1852, the
boundary commission was disbanded?7 Bartlett and Emory left
for Washington where they arrived by February 1, 1853.98 In the
meantime, Senator Mason had agreed to break the boundary dead-
lock by pushing through Congress a revision of his proviso which
permitted the survey of the Rio Grande below the disputed area
to be concluded."9 Early in May, 1853, a new commission, headed
by General Robert Blair Campbell of Alabama, took the field to
finish the survey of the river from Laredo to the Gulf. Major
Emory was again the chief astronomer and surveyor, and for all
95Senate Executive Documents, Both Cong., Ist Sess. (Serial No. 509), Document
No. 52, p. 45; see also Moore (ed.), Works of James Buchanan, VII, 365.
96Emory to Howard, Fort Duncan, November 7, 1852 (MS., Yale Collection of
Western Americana, Emory Papers, Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University),
folder XIII, October-December, 1852.
97John R. Bartlett to Emory, Ringgold Barracks, December 23, 1852, ibid., fold-
er V, October-December, 1852.
osEmory to Abert, Washington, February 1, 1853, ibid., folder XIV, January-
99J. A. Pearce to Emory, Washington, December 14, 1852, ibid., folder XIII,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/232/: accessed March 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.