The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 190
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
practical purposes it was he who directed the entire survey.100
Campbell made the journey to the Rio Grande, but he merely
supplied authority to Emory's initiative. By September, 1853, the
river survey was virtually concluded, and Major Emory, after
leaving the usual skeleton crew to place the boundary markers,
sailed for Washington. The matter of the initial-point, however,
remained in abeyance, with neither field party pushing the issue.101
The Gadsden treaty of December 30, 1853, finally provided a
solution to the problems arising out of the previous treaty of
Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Gadsden pact resolved the initial-point
controversy by the purchase of enough territory for a railroad
route, and it also caused the abrogation of Article XI of the pre-
vious treaty which made the United States responsible for the
Indian raids into Mexico. Though the purchase raised consider-
able opposition,102 the way for its eventual acceptance was un-
doubtedly prepared by the long and painful boundary dispute
and the possibility of war over the Mesilla Valley suggested by
the actions of Governor Lane. For, if Lane's direct measures had
made peaceful purchase more acceptable than war, the existence
of a scapegoat in the person of the Whig appointee, Bartlett, made
the whole purchase seem merely an effort to rectify an unfor-
tunate mistake by the opposition party. It provided the only
excuse necessary for securing that one last slice of land needed
to make the expansionists' dreams come true.
looEmory to General R. B. Campbell, n.d., "preliminary Progress report," ibid.,
folder XV, July-December, 1853. This is a sample of the tasks performed by Emory
and of his relationship to Campbell.
o101G. Clinton Gardner to Emory, September 28, 1858, ibid.
102Paul Neff Garber, The Gadsden Treaty (Philadelphia, 1923), loS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/233/: accessed May 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.