The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 193
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The Texas Road to Secession and War
W. R. Scurry concluded his editorship of the Gazette with the
August ig, 1854, issue because of ill health and a "very advan-
tageous offer" for his interest in the paper. Williamson S. Oldham,
a lawyer and former judge of the Supreme Court of Arkansas,
took over as junior editor with the same issue. In his salutatory he
stated that since the profits arising from the publication of a news-
paper were limited, he would continue his law practice.' The ex-
changes were lavish in praise of Oldham when his name appeared
on the Gazette masthead. The Houston Telegraph called him "one
of the ablest lawyers in the state." The Galveston News said of
Oldham, "a more high-toned gentleman, a more independent
thinker and actor, or a more chaste and vigorous writer, could
hardly have been found in the State."' Marshall was praised by
both Texan and out-of-state papers. The Southern Argus (Hous-
ton, Mississippi) said that Marshall had long been connected
with the editorial chairs in Mississippi and Louisiana and that
"few men ever connected with the press built up a more enviable
The September 16, 1855, issue saw the birth of the "new"
Gazette. The old eight-page format was abandoned, and the
Gazette was changed to a large, eight-column, four-page news-
paper printed in small type.
With the August 15, 1857, issue, W. A. Bush, former corre-
spondent of the Nashville Union, joined the editorial staff of
the Gazette. Oldham gave his valedictory in the August 22, 1857,
issue, and Marshall was sole editor after August. He employed
substitute editors to take charge while he was absent, and Captain
John S. Ford edited the Gazette from February through Decem-
ber, 1858, while Marshall was absent in Mississippi.
John Marshall fought for his beliefs in states' rights and the
Southern democracy with strong words, and later offered his
services and his life for the "Lost Cause." One contemporary
newspaper said of Marshall:
7Ibid., August 19, 1854, p. 4-
8Ibid., September 16, 1854, p. 26.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/236/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.