The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 195
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The Texas Road to Secession and War
dressed always in black."'" Oldham added, "His mind was a vast
magazine admirably arranged. Everything was in its place.""
Marshall's rival, A. B. Norton, editor of Austin's pro-Houston
Southern Intelligencer, was eternally antagonistic. Marshall and
Norton arranged a duel at Tallequah, Indian Territory, but
Norton was arrested in Bonham to prevent the meeting.
In 1857 Marshall became president of the Texas State Demo-
cratic Central Committee, and in 1858 he became chairman of
the Democratic State Convention, a position he held until he
left for the war in 1861. In November, 186o, after the Presiden-
tial election had been decided and the nation was torn with
indecision over secession or submission, Marshall had to leave
for Jefferson County, Mississippi, to be with his wife, who was
seriously ill. His wife's illness did not allow his returning to
Texas for the political fight for secession in December and Jan-
uary. He wrote editorial correspondence regularly to the Gazette,
which was edited in his absence by William Byrd. Marshall re-
turned to Austin on April 13, 1861. In May he journeyed to
Richmond, Virginia, to obtain authorization for twenty Texas
infantry companies for service in Virginia. He returned to Austin
about July 1, 1861, remained a month, and then left again on
August 6. The Gazette stated that he left to procure paper and
supplies for the winter, but if so, he went to Virginia to get them.'5
Marshall reached Richmond about September 7 and helped
Colonel Louis T. Wigfall select a favorable site for the camp of
the Texas volunteers, who began arriving in Richmond on Sep-
tember 12. On September 14, Marshall was with the Texas
volunteers at Camp Texas, about three miles from Richmond.
After the Texas Brigade was organized, Marshall was named
lieutenant colonel of the 4th Texas Regiment of the brigade,
but there were complaints:
Colonel Marshall was esteemed a brave man, and admired as an
eminent civilian, an able editor and a good democrat, a friend of
Secession, and devoted to the cause of the South. But it was not
deemed that he came up to the standard as a military man and his
1sOldham, "Colonel John Marshall," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XX, 133.
1oTexas State Gazette, August 3, 1861, p. R.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/238/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.