The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 199
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The Texas Road to Secession and War
day's activities, and W. S. Oldham was one of the speakers. He
replied to A. J. Hamilton's speech of the Thursday previous.
Stories of "incendiarism" were becoming frequent. On July
28 the Gazette told of the fire that destroyed most of Dallas.
It also told of a plot's having been uncovered that included burn-
ing and pillaging to make the country helpless so that the slaves
could revolt in Northern Texas. In the same issue appeared a story
of "incendiarism" closer to home; George Glasscock's steam mill
near Austin burned the Thursday night before, resulting in a
loss of approximately $3o,ooo in machinery. The owner felt that
the fire was the result of an incendiary. Further down the column
was a short report on a fire at Henderson.26
Sam Houston stated, "The accounts of incendiarism in this
State have been created or published for political effect." Mar-
shall retaliated by stating that he printed only what he heard.27
A. B. Norton of the Southern Intelligencer stated, "The tele-
graphic report of an abolition conspiracy in Northern Texas, is
viewed here by Southern men as a humbug gotten up for polit-
ical effect." Said Marshall, "We have no words to waste upon such
folly as this; the virulence of partisan hate can go no further."28
On another page, Marshall ran a full column ridiculing the
Intelligencer's claim that the incendiary reports were politically
inspired. He described the vigilance committees and night watches
organized throughout Texas to preserve order.
Marshall had not always been for secession; before the election
of 186o he had stated, "The cry of disunion ... has descended
from generation to generation, until in due course of succession,
it has reached the present day and now we hear it repeated with
silly clamor by a few obscure politicians in Texas."29 He did be-
lieve in the right of secession, and in October he said, "This con-
federacy is a Union of equal States, and no State can assume to
force another State either to remain in the Union or to with-
draw from it."8o
26Ibid., July 28, 186o, p. 3.
27Ibid., August 25, 186o, p. a.
281bid., September 1, i86o, p. i.
8olbid., October so, 186o, p. 2.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/242/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.