The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 200
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The Election of i86o
The State Gazette closely watched Democratic activity in 'Texas
and printed letters it received from towns throughout Texas
concerning progress of the party. A September issue said, "Every
mail brings us the information of some opposition paper which
has sacrificed old prejudices to the good of the country and hoisted
the flag of Breckinridge and Lane."'1 The Breckinridge and Lane
Club, organized on September lo, 186o, was becoming quite
strong in Austin and in Texas. Democratic meetings were held
each Monday night at 7 P.M. above Darden and Maynard's Store
on Congress Avenue. Alexander Green addressed the club on
October 8, and George W. White spoke on October 15. The
Travis Union Club was also organized in September and sup-
ported the Constitutional Union party nominee for President,
John Bell of Tennessee.
In a letter dated October 16, 186o, Marshall declined, because
of the illness of his wife, an invitation to address the Breckinridge
and Lane Club of Walker County at Huntsville as chairman of
the Democratic State Committee. The political rally and barbecue
were scheduled for November 3. In his letter of regrets, he gave
his views in sharp and meaningful words:
The election of Breckinridge and Lane will at least prolong peace
and the continuation of the Union. ... I will not speak of Mr. Bell
further than to say that in most of his action on Southern questions,
he and Houston of Texas put their names on record in the United
States Senate, isolated and alone as Southern men, with the Black
Republican party. . The election of a Black Republican president
by the North, in view of the incendiary platform and the sentiments
of that party expressed by its leaders, is only the definite recognition
by the North of the war waged against the South.32
By November Marshall's hopes for a Democratic victory were
overshadowed by the power of the Republican party and the dis-
union of the Democrats. He said:
The election of Lincoln is possible, if not probable. ... The des-
tinies of nations, the integrity of the Constitution, the preservation
of the Union, and the greatest interests of the Southern States, are
involved in its issue. Shall the day arrive when Southern birth
31Ibid., September 15, 186o, p. 2.
32Ibid., October so, 186o, p. 2.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/243/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.