The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 206
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
will not suffer our hands to be tied, by submitting to Lincoln's
rule. We should be in a position to defend ourselves."55
The secession parade of Saturday, January 5, was one of the
biggest events in Austin to that date. It began in front of the
City Hotel on Congress Avenue and proceeded through the prin-
cipal streets to the site of the old capitol, between Hickory
(Eighth) and Ash (Ninth) streets, on the Avenue, where a
gigantic Lone Star banner was raised on the 130o-foot pole. The
Lone Star in the flag was surrounded by smaller stars represent-
ing the other Southern States. Heading the parade were city and
state officials. Next came the band, followed by ladies on horse-
back carrying flags of the Southern States (with South Carolina
first), and ladies and gentlemen in carriages and on foot and
horseback. A series of speeches was given at the flagpole, and a
fifteen-gun salute was fired for the Southern States.60
The Gazette referred to Houston's pro-Union following as
Flunkies. In January Houston spoke out against joining a South-
ern confederacy in the event of secession; he advocated a Texas
Republic as an alternative. The Gazette countered on January
19 with the full text of South Carolina's "Address to the South,"
the essence of which was, "We ask you to join us in forming a
Confederacy of Slaveholding States."
Perhaps one of the calmest voices among the perplexed leaders
in Austin was that of Bishop Gregg. He stressed the need for a
continuation of faith during the coming crisis:
But a few weeks more may open to us changes so momentous as
to effect the dearest interests of this generation, and of many gen-
erations in other lands for ages yet to come. ... It is to strive by the
help of God, to give to every conflict, to all changes, to things present
under whatever aspect, a right directions"
To the Gazette there was but one direction. Of the secessionist
states the, Gazette said in January, "We will be with them in thirty
The Eighth Legislature met in Austin in special session begin-
ning on Thursday, January 24, 1861, but this did not forestall
albid., January 5, 1861, p. a.
6albid., January 12, 1861, p. g.
5TIbid., January 1g, 1861, p. 8.
58Ibid., January 26, 1861, p. a.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/249/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.