The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 208
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Texas independence as of March 2, 1861. The Lone Star banner
which had been presented by the ladies of Texas was placed on
the dome of the capitol and saluted by a discharge of artillery.
Lone Star flags were also raised on the roof of the Avenue Hotel,
three blocks down from the capitol. On the Gazette building was
a flag presented by John J. Good on behalf of the ladies of Dallas.
The highest banner of all was the one on the flagpole at the site of
the old capitol. After the noise of the independence celebration,
an irate citizen complained that the artillery broke one of his
Of the independence proclamation, the Gazette said:
The inscrutible future lies before us. Its dark womb is laboring
with glorious annals. Fame, honor and prosperity will be the lot of
many. No man can now anticipate who will win these bright prizes.62
Final tally in the February 23 statewide election was not pub-
lished until March 23, showing 44,317 for and 13,o020o against
secession. Final figures for Travis County were 450 for and 704
Governor Houston, in a letter to the State Convention, de-
clared that until the meeting of the legislature on March 18,
"It will be the duty of the Executive, as well as all State officers,
to continue in the lawful discharge of their duties, confining their
action to the sphere of Texas only."" The same issue of the
Gazette that carried Houston's protest to the convention also
carried a letter from Montgomery, Alabama, dated March 6,
from T. J. Chambers, chairman of the Southern Congress, which
stated that the Texas delegates to the congress "were admitted to
seats upon the floor of the Congress and invited to freely and
unreservedly participate in all the discussions of the body, in
both open and secret session.""64
John Marshall did not oppose a Southern Confederacy. In
editorial correspondence from Mississippi in February, he stated:
The future of Texas is an intensely interesting one. The child of
to-day, will live to see the boundaries of a Southern Republic grad-
ually extended over Chihuahua, Sonora and Lower California. Our
2Ibid., March g, 1861, p. 2.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/251/: accessed May 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.