The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 210
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
in nightly caucus, plotting new schemes against the peace and dignity
After secession, many persons associated with Houston's group
served the Confederate government, but some expressed a feeling
of futility in waging war. Some of the pro-Unionists left the state;
others stayed but offered little support to the Confederacy. The
policy of the Intelligencer had of necessity changed by the spring
of 1861, but a wry tone of dubious support of the Confederacy
We have stated the fighting issue to be the right of secession. The
shortest possible end will be when that right is acknowledged or
abandoned. It may change a hundred times and involve even more
important questions, but until this be settled there can be no peace.70
III. THE CONFEDERACY
Call to Arms
The Texas State Gazette in the fall of 186o began to advocate
the arming and training of citizens, and on Wednesday, November
14, 186o, Austin's first military company was formed, eighty
strong." Hall breech-loading rifles were described in the Gazette
of December 1. Many Austinites were probably arming them-
selves with the weapon, which cost $2o on terms or $18 cash.
Austin had not neglected its social life during the trying times
when the Confederacy was organizing. On Tuesday evening,
March 12, an "elegant cotillion" party was held at Buaas Hall,
and on Tuesday, March 19, a "grand fancy dress and masquerade
ball" was held in the hall. A "calico dress ball" was held on
Tuesday, March 26, and the final social of the season was a grand
ball at the hall on Friday, April 5.
Lieutenant Governor Edward Clark became governor of Texas
on March 16, 1861, when Governor Houston was deposed. Clark
was defeated by Francis R. Lubbock in the fall election of 1861.
In March Captain Calvin L. Sayre, assistant adjutant general
of the provisional army, was in Austin recruiting men for a
mounted regiment for service in the Confederate Army along the
l0Southern Intelligencer, May 8, 1861, p. i.
71Texas State Gazette, November 17, 186o, p. 2.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/253/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.