The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 211
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The Texas Road to Secession and War
frontier. William A. Pitts, representative of Colonel Henry E.
McCulloch, also passed through recruiting men to serve under
McCulloch on the Texas frontier.72 Later, McCulloch authorized
Captain J. H. Fry of Austin to recruit a company of mounted men
to serve for the Confederacy in Texas.73 By the end of March,
Captain William G. Tobin of Austin had twenty-five of "the
most promising young men" of Austin enrolled in a company
of mounted volunteers.74
News of the shelling and surrender of Fort Sumter reached
Austin via New Orleans on Wednesday, April 17, and Captain
Milton M. Boggess' eighty-one-man cavalry company passed
through Austin on the same day. There was a gala celebration;
powder was burned and the guns of the capitol "bellowed forth
the hearty response of our people."'75 The cavalry company
paraded down Congress Avenue, and the captain boasted that it
had been raised in eight days. The men were on their way to San
Antonio to join Colonel Earl Van Dorn's troops.
"Texans, to your rifles!" came the call. On April 17 Governor
Clark issued a proclamation calling for three thousand Texas
infantry troops and two artillery companies to organize and pre-
pare for instant readiness to repel any invasion attempt in Texas.
The proclamation was issued in response to a call from the secre-
tary of war of the Confederate States of America, and the three
thousand troops were to be mustered into the Confederate Army
for service in Texas.78 Colonel Van Dorn commanded the Texas
troops in Confederate service.
On Saturday, April 20o, citizens of Austin replied to the procla-
mation by holding a meeting at 4 P.M. in the basement of the
capitol for the "purpose of military organization." The group
organized into two military groups, the Austin City Light Infantry
and the Capitol Guards. By April 27 the Austin City Light In-
fantry had seventy-five men on the muster roll.77 The company
was commanded by Captain B. F. Carter, a former mayor of
72Ibid., March 28, 1861, p. $.
71lbid., March So, 1861, p. 3.
75Ibid., April 2o, 1861, p. 2.
771bid., April 27, 1861, p. 8.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/254/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.