The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 250
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
to get me to the place of my destination, to which place, by the
Red River, there was still fifty-two leagues of the way. I made
my boats and pirogues follow the big river, and I entered into
the Bear Bayou. We found there many log jams and bushes, which
we passed with difficulty; after having made three leagues to the
northwest, we camped on a little island.
The 3rd, the three savages whom I had with me killed two
bears; this stream is full of them. We continued to advance toward
the west-northwest to some very great high grounds which we
sailed along, leaving them on our left.-At two o'clock in the after-
noon we arrived at the portage that goes to the Nassonites, which
point is estimated to be ten leagues; we made this day, in the
bayou, two leagues to the northwest, a quarter west.24
It is to be noted that this little river runs very far into the
west-northwest,25 and that it is impractical for pirogues in the
The 4th, after having stranded our pirogues, we put ourselves
on the way by land; one of the savages went ahead to inform the
chief of the Nassonites of my arrival; we crossed several hillocks
filled with oaks and walnuts; we made six leagues toward the
northwest, a quarter north, to a fine stream.
The 5th, we continued to walk along several slopes and prairies.
At ten o'clock, the war chief of the Nassonites and six tribal
notables that accompanied him arrived before us with some horses,
upon which we mounted. After having crossed some great prairies
and very fine country we came down to a woods, at the other side
of which we arrived at three o'clock in the afternoon at the dwell-
ing of the chief of the Nassonites, at that time more than seventy
years old. This chief, with those of the Cadodaquious [Kadoha-
dacho], Nadsoos [Nanatsoho],26 and Natchitoches,27 was awaiting
24The Red River almost makes a horseshoe bend between a point northeast of
Doddridge, Miller County, in the southwestern corner of Arkansas, and a point on
the river north of New Boston, Bowie County, in the northeastern corner of Texas.
The short cut that La Harpe took was probably a short distance up the Sulphur
River, which he called the Bear River, then by a portage to the Nassonite village.
This village was on the north side of the Red River, opposite New Boston.
2$This is true of the Sulphur River which begins in Fannin County, Texas.
26This was a sub-tribe of the Caddo confederacy. La Harpe found its village
about a half league east of the Nassonites, and between them and the Kadohadacho
village, all on the north side of the Red River.
27This was a part of the same Caddoan Natchitoches tribe that La Harpe had
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/295/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.