The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 251
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Notes and Documents
me at this dwelling, outside of which, under an antichon,28 they
had prepared a feast, consisting of bread and boiled corn, pre-
pared in different ways, and some bear meat and buffalo meat and
fish. We maintained a profound silence during the repast; it is
even the custom of the savages to ask not one question to their
new guests until they may be refreshed or that they should speak
themselves. Informed of this savage politeness, I waited until each
had eaten; after which I caused to be said to all these nations,
through my interpreters, that the great French chief, whose mes-
sage I was bearing, having learned of the cruel wars that the
Chicachas [Chickasaws],29 the Anahons [Osage],so the Imahans,31
the Inocas,82 and the Tonicas [Tunicas], were making upon them,
had sent me to them with several soldiers in order to defend them
against their enemies and to assist them as protection; that he had
sent an order to their enemies to cease their hostilities, or that he
would declare himself against them.
The chief of the Cadodaquious, who was an esteemed old man
and the most eloquent haranguer of these nations, although nearly
four-score years of age, took the word; he declared to these people
encountered at Fort Saint John the Baptist. Its location was several leagues up river
from the Nassonites, where the present Oklahoma-Arkansas boundary meets the
28I have been unable to find antichon in a dictionary. Appentis, meaning shed or
penthouse, is suggested in Margry's footnote. The writer would surmise that a brush
arbor is meant.
29The Chickasaws were a powerful and warlike tribe, whose villages from earliest
known times were in northern Mississippi along the headwaters of the Tombigbee,
Yazoo and Tallahatchie, and scattered into Tennessee and Alabama. James Adair,
a Scotch merchant, linguist, and author, spent a generation with them. He cemented
them to the English and against the French. This was a matter of great significance
for the tribes friendly to the French. The Chickasaws' traditional enemies, including
the Caddoan tribes, were their neighbors, found in six or seven present-day states.
Their tendency to give way westward before white pressure increased their devour-
ing threat to the Red River tribes. They finally moved to Oklahoma, where
Chickasha became their national capital.
8oThe Osage was the most important southern Siouan tribe. Marquette first noted
them (1663) on the Osage River. Du Tisne (1719) visited them and reported loo
cabins and 2oo warriors. Their enemies were most of their neighbors for hundreds
of miles about. The Caddoan tribes held them in terror. A succession of nineteenth
century treaties with the United States reduced them to reservation life in north-
alImahan apparently refers to a Quapaw village visited by La Harpe, located on
a southwestern branch of the Arkansas River. The Quapaws were a powerful south-
western Siouan tribe, hostile to the Caddoan tribes.
82The Inocas were likely a southern Siouan tribe living along the Arkansas River.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/296/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.