The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 252
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
that the time had come when it was necessary to change their tears
into joy, that it was true that the greater part of their compatriots
had been killed or made slaves by their adversaries, that they were
not more than a small number, but that the arrival of the French
would prevent their entire destruction, that their enemies, being
allies of the Canouches [Comanches],3" (which is to say the
French) would make no more war on them, that it was necessary
to render thanks to the Great Spirit, whose wrath was appeased,
and at the same time to assist the French with all their power to
keep their friendship; that they knew by experience that since
the arrival of one of these soldiers"4 in their village, the
Naouydiches [Nabedache],3 and other wild nations had made
peace with them; that it was sad that their compatriots, who had
been killed, could not take part in the common joy and add this
pleasure to the glory of their life, that they had sacrificed for the
liberty of their country; he said to them in addition some things so
touching that all these nations were melted into tears.
After this chief had ceased to speak, I learned from the elders
of these tribes about the nearest establishments of the Spaniards
and of the savage nations of the country to the west of whom
they could know; they assured me that at sixty leagues to the
south was the village of the Nadacos [Anadarkos],38 their allies,
at whose village the Spaniards had a mission, and of another
ssThe Comanches roamed over the South Plains from the Texas Panhandle into
34La Salle is probably meant. In 1687 he passed by the Nabedache village to the
asIt is not certain the Naouydiches, whom La Harpe mentions here, were the
Nabedaches. If they were, this made them one of the dozen or more Hasinai or
southern Caddoan tribes. Their main village was three or four leagues west of the
Neches River, and near the San Pedro Creek, close to the Old San Antonio Road
in the vicinity of Old San Pedro, Houston County, Texas. In 1687 a path led past
this village to the Hasinai hunting grounds west of the Brazos and probably became
a part of the camino real. The first Spanish mission in East Texas, San Francisco
de los Tejas, was established among the Nabedaches (16go). They played an active
part in Spanish-French rivalry in the eighteenth century, and a century later went
to the Wichita Reservation, where their descendants, if any, are today.
3eThe Anadarkos were a Caddoan tribe, whose dialect the Kadohadachos, Adai,
and Hasinai also spoke. Moscoso, in 1542, seems to have reached the country east
of them and to have heard of them. Their villages then were along the Trinity
and Brazos rivers. Warfare and diseases reduced them greatly, and finally they
were incorporated into other Caddoan tribes and moved to the Wichita Reserva-
tion. The town of Anadarko bears their name in Oklahoma today.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/297/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.