The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 253
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Notes and Documents
mission among the Assinais [Hasinai or Texas], at the village of
the Amediche [Nabedache] nation to the south, a quarter south-
west, seventy leagues by road from the Nassonites; that to the
west at eighty leagues, on the bank of the Red River to the right,
were several nomadic nations, who were in war against the
Cannecy [Lipan],7 a savage nation of New Mexico; that in the
region of the northwest of their abode, at loo leagues, there were
powerful nations situated on the borders of a great river, but that
these regions were little known to them.
It is remarkable that the savages do not make any mistake
when they show the part of the world where the nation dwells
of which they have knowledge, and that, taking the bearing of
the places with the compass, one is certain of their situation; in
regard to distance, they compute by an ordinary day's journey,
which is, according to what I have observed, five leagues.
The 8th, I dispatched some pirogues to my boats with supplies.
The 7th [17th?], I got into a pirogue with M. Du Rivage in
order to search for, in going up the river, a suitable place for
forming my habitation. We advanced ten leagues to the place
where was formerly the village of the Nadsoos. This place ap-
peared to me very fine, as there was a fine hillock jutting out into
the river suited to establishing a fort there, below which the soil
is excellent for producing wheat and all kinds of grain. There is
to be seen there vast prairies, the sources of admirable water and
many fruit trees. I would have established myself in this place
without the inconvenience of going a little further to find savage
provisions which I necessarily had to trade for for the first year.
That made me resolve to locate my establishment above the chief
of the Nassonites, on the left of the river, at a musket shot dis-
tance."3 In regard to the Cadodaquious, they are two leagues below
the Nassonites and the Nadsoos, and the Natchitoches three
leagues above, all on the right of the river. These nations are
scattered into different isolated spots; they do not form among
a8The Lipans were the Eastern Apaches, including the Mescaleros and possibly
the Kiowa-Apaches. They ranged over the South Plains between El Paso and the
Texas Colorado River. Their enemies were the Comanches to the north, such prairie
tribes as the Taovayas, Tawakoni, Tonkawa, and Wacos, and the Caddoan tribes of
East Texas and Louisiana.
s8This was apparently in Red River County, Texas.
3aThat is the north side.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/298/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.