The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 300
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
same act the Consultation provided for two more organizations,
a corps of rangers and a militia based on existing municipalities.'
As days passed, three additional relatively autonomous forces
were created: an Auxiliary Volunteer Corps,2 a cavalry corps,'
and the Army of the Reserve.4
To command this array of organizations the Consultation au-
thorized a major general, who should be commander of "all the
forces called into public service during the war."" Sam Houston
was elected to the command on November 12, and the Consulta-
tion gave him his first big problem on the next day when it held
that, since the volunteer army at San Antonio existed before the
governing body convened, the Consultation had no authority over
that force and that "advisory communications" only could be
sent to it." By late December, however, the foreign volunteers who
had replaced most of the Texas volunteers felt that the immunities
granted the men who had gathered in October fell naturally
It is necessary to elaborate briefly on the recruiting system
adopted in an effort to gain continuity for the army and on the
recruits themselves, since both operated against the creating of
disciplined companies and regiments. Men were given contingent
commissions in the army and authorized to recruit, their final
grades being based on their success in persuading others to
"emigrate" to Texas. The numbers required for the various com-
missioned grades followed the authorized strengths for the various
units: 20 would make a second lieutenant; 30, a first lieutenant;
56 (a company), a captain; 280 (a battalion), a major; 40o0, a
lieutenant colonel; 560 (a regiment), a colonel; and 1,120o, a
brigadier general.' During some eight months under this ar-
rangement Thomas J. Chambers sent nearly two thousand armed
men to Texas, in addition to ammunition and other supplies.8
1H. P. N. Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas, 1822-x897 (lo vols.; Austin,
1898), I, 543.
lIbid., 533 and 537.
sEugene C. Barker, "The Texas Revolutionary Army," Quarterly of the Texas
State Historical Association, IX, 235.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/363/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.