The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 20
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20o Southwestern Historical Quarterly
report of Anson G. Neal, who saw among the Republicans gath-
ered there some three hundred Mexicans, eighty Indians, and one
hundred and forty Texans. The principal leader of the Texans
was Colonel S. W. Jordan, who had quit the forces of Canales in
January after the failure to capture Monterrey, but who later
rejoined the federalists.5 By August Canales' force was reported as
having increased to about sixteen hundred men, of whom one-
eighth were Texans.6 Colonel William S. Fisher, former lieuten-
ant colonel in the Texas Army and interim secretary of war, joined
the group with 2oo men by August 19, and became second in
command to Canales.7
In August General Arista took cognizance of the army group-
ing on the Nueces, and planned an expedition against it.8
Arista had shown little disposition to molest the federalists
during the early summer of i840-perhaps because he was mak-
ing the effort to solve the problem short of warfare, but more
probably because he was watching political developments in Mex-
ico. But on July 8 he was made General in Chief of the Army of
the North, and by the end of July detachments of his army were
stationed at Mier, Monterrey, Cuidad Victoria, and Matamoros;
and by August i the situation in Mexico City had cleared to the
extent that Arista was free to continue his campaign against the
federalists. On that day he issued a proclamation to his troops to
the effect that Canales and the federalists were grouping on the
Nueces River, and that, with stability in the government in Mex-
ico restored, the troops could look northward with the view of
defeating the Canales organization The march was begun to
Matamoros on August 4, the force arriving at that place on August
16. A delay of eleven days was necessary for final preparations for
the expedition, and finally, on August 27, 1840, Arista crossed the
Rio Grande for the Nueces with a force of eleven hundred men
and four pieces of artillery.1o
sInformation derived from Anson G. Neal, Lamar Papers, VI, 99-111.
6Austin City Gazette, August 5, 1840.
7bid., August 19, 1840.
8"Itinerario de las campafias en Tamaulipas, Coahuila y N. Leon, desde 23 Febre-
ro de 1839 hasta hoy 28 de Marzo de 1841," El Ancla, March 29, 1841; Austin City
Gazette, August 5, 1840.
9Arista to troops of his command, August 1, 1840, El Ancla, August 7, 1840.
lolbid., March 29, 1841.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/38/: accessed October 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.