The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 374
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of Texas, of which you have been named Governor, is a part of
Louisiana. M. de La Salle took possession of it in the year 1684; and,
since that time, it has been renewed by M. de Saint-Denis. In regard
to the lands which are to the west of the Nassonites, I am unable
to comprehend by what right you claim that they may be made a
part of New Mexico.52 That which I may have the honor of telling you
in this regard, is that all the rivers which flow into the Mississippi
belong to the King, my master, and consequently, all the lands that
they enclose between them. If you do me the kindness of coming into
these quarters, you will understand that I occupy a post, which I have
preserved with justice. I have the honor of being very sincerely
From the Nassonites, June 9, 1719.
The 12th, there arrived six savages of the nation of the Canicons
[Tanicos] G with two women; their village is situated on the banks
of the Arkansas River. At their arrival, our savages rejoiced
greatly; this was the first time that they had seen this nation
among them. They celebrated the Calumet with them, and they
made them several presents.
The i3th, the chief of the Canicons came to see me with his
retinue; I showed him many expressions of friendship and had
him eat with me. I gave a quite valuable present to himl I should
have had several useful conversations with him, but I found myself
without a good interpreter. Those who would have been able on
this occasion to serve me had gone with M. Du Rivage to the
investigation of the wandering tribes.
The 16th, there arrived several Nadaco savages, who brought
very confused news to me concerning the Spaniards, whom they
said, were angry at the French because we had chased them from
the Adayes and because the governor of the Assinais and his sol-
diers were withdrawing from their presidio. I judged by these dis-
courses that we were having war with Spain, and, in order to be
more certain about it, I sent the corporal of the garrison to the
Nadacos with the savages of this nation. I instructed him to go as
52Margry quotes a phrase in a footnote by De Beaurain, appended to La Harpe's
journal. It says, "That which I have represented to you on this subject, is that Don
Antoine du Miroir, who has discovered in 1683 the provinces of the North, has
never penetrated into the lands of the east of New Mexico and the Rio Bravo.
They are the French who have made the first alliance with the savage nations
there, added to that it is natural to believe that the rivers which flow into the
5sPerhaps identical with the Tunicas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/441/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.