The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 375
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Notes and Documents
far as the Assinais in order to learn about everything; I gave him
some goods to trade for horses for me. He set out on this journey
The 24th, there arrived a savage of the Oulchionis nation in
order to advise our savages that the French were in war with the
Spaniards, and that the chiefs of the nations had sent him in order
to induce them to declare themselves in our favor. The chiefs
of our nations responded to them that they did not wish to enter
at all into our discussions, but that if the Spaniards attacked us
they would declare themselves against them.
The 29th, M. Du Rivage" arrived from his journey with two
savages of the Quidehais [Kichai] " nation; he reported to me that
at seventy leagues by land to the westward and from the west
a quarter northwest, he had encountered part of the nomadic
tribes, which are Quidehais, Naouydiches [Nadedaches], Joyvan
[Yojuane],"1 Huanchand [Waco],57 Huand [Waco]," Tancaoye
64A footnote that Margry gives here translates, "The 29th of July M. Mustel and
Du Rivage, said the Cavalier de Beaurain." This is probably correct as to the date,
for the next date that La Harpe gives in his journal is August 1.
55The Kichai were a Caddoan sub-tribe. Their language, however, resembled the
Pawnee language more than the Caddoan. In 1701 the French encountered them on
the upper Red River. They moved southward to the upper Trinity River. In 1712
they were reported as in war with the Hainai of the lower Trinity. La Harpe was
to meet some of them on the Canadian River in 1719 on their way with other
Caddoans to fight the Apaches. They made pledges to him of friendship toward the
French. They remained, thereafter, faithful to the French. New diseases and French,
Spanish, and English imperialistic conflicts reduced their numbers. Their chief
village in 1772 was northeast of Palestine, Texas, to the east of the Trinity. In 1778
a secondary village was located farther south near present Salt City. In 1855 they
were established on a reservation on the Brazos River. In 1858 they were dispersed
by Texas troops and fled northward to join the Wichitas in Oklahoma, where, in
1912, about fifty persons of their tribe remained.
coThe Yojuane were a sub-tribe of the Tonkawa. This tribe was first mentioned
in 1691 by Francisco de Jesus Maria, as enemies of the Hasinais. As with other
Tonkawas, the Apaches were their chief enemies. In 1714, according to Father
Espinosa, they destroyed the main fire temple of the Hasinai in the Neches village.
Before the middle of the eighteenth century they seem to have become more friendly
to the Hasinai and were joining them in campaigns against the Apaches. A Yojuane
chief with three chiefs of three tribes went to San Antonio to ask for a mission in
the 1740's. As a result the Spaniards founded Mission San Xavier on the San
Gabriel River, where the Yojuane were among the neophytes. The tribe apparently
became divided, one group ultimately being absorbed by the Tonkawas, another
living near the Hasinais.
'5Apparently La Harpe makes the first mention in white man's record of the
Huanchanes. They were a division of the Tawakoni, whom La Harpe called the
Touacara, and was to visit on the South Canadian River. They moved southward
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/442/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.