The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 381
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Notes and Documents
The 12th, we passed several prairies and regions full of vines;
we made six leagues to the west, a quarter northwest.
The 13th, along the same direction of the compass, we advanced
five leagues. We passed several oak groves and other walnut trees;
we camped near a pond.
The 14th, toward the northwest, we marched six leagues
through a forest of old trees, in which one commences to find
stone-drains.68 Then we came down into a great prairie, in part
rocky, which continues toward the west along the river to the
Cancy village, established in New Mexico. We discovered from
this place, on the north side, several groves of mountain oaks.
The 15th, into the north-northwest, we made five leagues. We
crossed the prairie and camped near a cross road, which formed
two small paths: one straight into the west to the nomadic tribes,
and the other to the northwest, which is the one that we followed
the next day.
The 16th, toward the northwest, we made five leagues through
a very fine country of hillocks; we passed the night in a forest of
The 17th, we remained in camp; our guides killed two cows60
and some deer; but the heat was so great that meat would not
keep more than two days, except by smoking it. As it requires time
for this preparation, we did not linger here.
The 18th, we advanced along several hillocks and through
pretty prairies; we came upon quarries of slate and several pieces
of crystal rock; we made this day four leagues to the north-
The 19th, we continued to wind along several hillocks; at ten
o'clock we quit the most direct path which led to the oIbuacaras,
because of the difficulty of the mountains, in order to follow that
one from the west; at six o'clock, we descended a great declivity,
at the foot of which we camped, after having made five leagues
to the west.
The 2oth we passed over mountains that were very difficult
because of the number of large overturned rocks that we encoun-
tered and because of the heights and descents that it was neces-
OeVaches, meaning cows, but buffalo are doubtless meant.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/448/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.