The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 475
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Pershing's Chinese Refugees in Texas
handed to the American Red Cross. At another time a contribu-
tion was collected among the members to aid the poor at Christ-
mas season. Again, an offering was made to a French war orphans
fund.16 In May of 1918, the sum of six hundred dollars was con-
tributed for the purpose of endowing a bed at the American,
Hospital for war refugees at Neuilly, France.17 And finally, all
members of the camp voluntarily took the oath of allegiance to
the United States, and Page, at a later occasion, declared that to
his best knowledge, all remained true and loyal to this pledge.
In regard to details of camp management, it must be noted
that for some time before February, 1918, an assessment of two
dollars per month per individual was collected by the camp ad-
ministration.l8 This collection was made with the consent of the
camp membership and was used for a variety of purposes. The
fund was the only source of revenue to pay for many things
needed by the camp to carry on its management. Unless a member
had been employed during the past month, no assessment was
collected from him for that particular period. Since not all were
constantly employed, because of illness, accidents, and necessary
intervals between jobs, the fund was wisely used to pay for rations
consumed by those not employed. As long as the majority had
work, this cooperative device seemed to work well. The fund was
also drawn upon to pay those members who were engaged to keep
the camp area clean and to pay the wages of Page's Chinese office
clerk, Yip Yung, himself a refugee. A small automobile was pur-
chased out of the fund for the officer-in-charge to use, and an
allotment was made for the operation and maintenance of the
vehicle and to pay the expense of a Chinese driver-mechanic.
There were also the expenses of lighting, office supplies, and med-
o1Page to Johnson, December 17, 1919, House Committee on Immigration and
Naturalization, Registration of Refugee Chinese, Hearings on S. J. Res. 33, Per-
mitting Chinese to Register under Certain Provisions and Conditions, November
8, 921; Statements of A. Warner Parker and E. J. Henning, 67th Cong., 1st Sess.
(Serial No. 8), 654-655.
I'Amy E. Nims, Chinese Life in San Antonio (Master's thesis, Southwest Texas
State Teachers College, 1941), 11.
1SF. W. Berkshire to Page, February 16, 1918, House Committee on Immigra-
tion and Naturalization, Registration of Refugee Chinese, Hearings on S. J. Res.
33, Permitting Chinese to Register under Certain Provisions and Conditions, No-
vember 8, 1921; Statements of A. Warner Parker and E. J. Henning, 67th Cong.,
Ist Sess. (Serial No. 8), 970o.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/572/: accessed July 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.