The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 485
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Pershing's Chinese Refugees in Texas
of the meeting), and that lawyer used this material later to
further his own ends in Washington.
By the time the House committee took up Senate Joint Reso-
lution 33 on November 8, the members were practically sure
that Hille, and Page as well, for that matter, were aiming for
the same prize-a sum of money as a fee for their efforts in get-
ting favorable legislation through Congress, the money to be
paid by each individual refugee. Even the law firm of Bouve and
Parker was not beyond suspicion.
Nevertheless, the committee finally reported the resolution
favorably in the House, but not before adding an amendment
which made violation a misdemeanor for any person to collect a
fee, accept a gift, or remuneration for services rendered the
Chinese refugees in placing before Congress evidence and infor-
mation upon which the passage of the resolution was based. The
penalty was set at a fine of $1o,ooo or six months imprisonment
or both.41 The House passed the amended resolution on Novem-
ber 16, and the Senate concurring, the resolution became Public
Law No. 29, following its signing by President Warren G.
Harding, on November 23.42 Two days after the President ap-
proved Senate Joint Resolution 33, a five-line story appeared on
page 28 of the New York Times under a San Antonio date line:
Chinese permitted to register. W. D. [T.] Page of this city who
was placed in charge of their welfare by General Pershing, received
word from Washington [that the Chinese here are to be reg-
istered and] will be permitted to remain in this country.
The following January, Page learned from Parker that a hear-
ing was to be held by the House Committee on Immigration and
Naturalization to investigate the schemes of C. F. Hille and how
they were related to the Department of Labor and the Bureau
of Immigration. Both Hille and Henning, as well as Parker, came
before this committee. Here it was revealed that Hille, on his
own admission, had expected to collect a fee from each refugee
as remuneration, and that he had plagiarized Page's written evi-
dence, which the Chicago lawyer had obtained earlier at the
Menger Hotel in San Antonio. The feelings of Page can be
42Congressional Record, 67th Cong., Ist Sess., 8178, 82o6, and United States
Statutes at Large, XLIII, 325-326.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/582/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.